look at ourselves in the mirror we see some of our body parts, but we know that there are other parts or organs that we cannot see, even as they function. Discovery Pictures and the Brit ish Broadcast i ng Corporat ion have partnered to bring you The Human Body, a rema rkable la rge - format film that bri ngs a. imagined that “The Human Body,” written by Swiss anatomist Adolf Fal- ler, would .. in the human body between 5 µm (e. g., single connective tissue cells).

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The Human Body Pdf

human body. You can also begin to see the interconnections between the different parts of the body in order to understand how the body functions. We should. Surface anatomy-anatomy that we can see at the surface of the body (everyday life). • Regional anatomy-complete anatomy. (internal) of a specific region of the. Introduction to the Human Body. Essential reading for those who have not done ANHB and / or ANHB In this chapter: • “The Anatomical position”.

These different foods fall into different groups. The food groups are grains, fruits and vegetables, dairy products, proteins and meats, and fats and oils. Scientists have created a food pyramid that includes all of the different food groups. The food groups sit on the pyramid, with the foods you should eat the most of at the bottom and the foods you should eat the least of on the top. Having a healthy body involves eating a healthy, balanced diet and maintaining a weight that matches your height and bone size. Grains Grains are the food group that people need to eat the most of throughout the day. Grains can include bread, cereal, pasta, tortillas, and crackers. Whenever possible, choose whole grains for the breads, cereals, and pasta that you eat. Whole grains are less refined, which means that they have more vitamins and nutrients. Grains are on the bottom of the pyramid because people need the most servings of this food group. Play games to learn more about healthy eating. Learn some new jump rope rhymes about healthy eating and say them as you exercise. Nutrition-Related Group Games : Play active games about food to learn and have fun! One game involves kids standing in a circle around one person. The person in the center chooses a food group and then points to people in the circle.

Cheese, yogurt, and ice cream are other types of dairy products. Eating dairy products is important because these foods give you calcium that helps make your bones and teeth strong. Dairy products also contain protein to build your muscles.

Dairy Farm : Playing Dairy Farm will teach you all about the process of taking care of cows on a farm to produce milk. The Amazing Food Detective : Learn about all the different foods and nutrients to see how they impact your body.

Got it? Get it! PDF : This fun presentation teaches you all about the benefits of calcium and the foods you need to eat and drink to get it. Counting the Calcium PDF : Use this worksheet to count the calcium you eat or drink in one day to see if you get enough of this nutrient.

A Healthier Life : This webquest will help you examine your life to see what changes you might make to become healthier. Fats and Oils Fats and oils are in the tiny top of the food pyramid because these are the foods that people need to eat less often.

As you choose foods from the food groups, choose foods from all of the other groups first. These are the foods that will give you vitamins and minerals for health. Once in a while, it's OK to eat something sweet. Try not to make it a habit, though, because this could make you gain weight. Food Hero : The Food Hero game will help you learn how to make the healthiest food choices.

Food Balance Game : Playing this game will help you learn important tips for choosing the best foods throughout the day for good health and lots of energy. Best Served Cold : Lots of foods might look and taste good, but they don't have healthy ingredients. Play this game to learn how to recognize unhealthy foods.

Grab a Grape : This fun quiz game will ask lots of food-related questions that you have to answer correctly. It secretes hormones that regulate growth, blood pressure, certain functions of sex organs, thyroid glands, temperature regulation, pain relief, metabolism, and some aspects of pregnancy, childbirth nursing etc.

Important Facts About Pineal gland Aka conarium or epiphysis cerebri. Small endocrine gland found near the center of the brain, between the two hemispheres. It resembles a tiny pine cone. It consists of two connected lobes. It is found in the neck.

They help regulate growth and rate of function of many other systems in the body. T3 and T4 are synthesized from iodine and tyrosine.

It also produces calcitonin which plays a role in calcium homeostasis. The hormonal output is regulated by thyroid-stimulating hormone TSH. Important Facts About Parathyroid glands Small endocrine glands in the neck.

It produces parathyroid hormone. Important Facts About Adrenal glands Aka suprarenal glands. Endocrine glands that produce many hormones. These include adrenaline and the steroids cortisol and aldosterone. They are found above the kidneys. Functions and anatomy of Human Body — Circulatory system: Cardiovascular system Important Facts About Heart The muscular organ that pumps blood through blood vessels to the entire body. Divided into 4 chambers — Left atrium top , right atrium top , left ventricle bottom , right ventricle bottom.

In a healthy heart, blood flows one way through the heart due to heart valves, which prevent backflow. Enclosed by a protective sac called pericardium. Wall of heart made up of — epicardium, myocardium, endocardium.

Blood low in oxygen enters right atrium from superior and inferior venae cavae. From here it passes to the right ventricle.

Bones in Human Body – FREE Ebook for SSC and Railways Exam

From here it is sent to the lungs, where it receives oxygen and gives off CO2. Oxygenated blood returns to the left atrium and passes to the left ventricle. From here it leaves heart through the aorta.

The heart is a fist-sized organ that is placed in the middle of the chest cavity. It is slightly offset to the left. The left heart is stronger so heartbeats felt more strongly on the left. Important Facts About Arteries Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.

Most carry oxygenated blood. Exceptions are pulmonary and umbilical arteries. Important Facts About Veins Blood vessels that carry blood towards the heart. Most carry deoxygenated blood from tissues.

Exceptions are pulmonary and umbilical veins. Less muscular than arteries and closer to skin. Valves in veins prevent backflow.

Important Facts About Capillaries Smallest blood vessels in the human body. Makeup microcirculation.

305258537-Human-Anatomy-Diagrams.pdf

They connect arterioles and venules. Help enable the exchange of O2, CO2, other nutrients and waste substances between blood and tissues. Lymph capillaries drain lymph from lymph vessels. Circulatory system — Lymphatic system Important Facts About Lymphatic vessel Thin-walled, valved structures that carry lymph.

Lymph is a fluid that lies between body tissues. Important Facts About Lymph node Oval or kidney-shaped organ. Present at multiple locations throughout the body including armpits, neck, and groin.

Important for the proper functioning of the immune system. Act as filters for foreign particles and cancer cells. Red blood cells produced by the bone marrow in heads of long bones. Bone marrow is a key component of the lymphatic system. Important Facts About Thymus The specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system. Within the thymus, T cells or T lymphocytes mature.

These are key to the adaptive immune system.

Consists of two identical lobes located in front of the heart. Important Facts About Spleen Similar in structure to the large lymph node. Acts as a blood filter. Removes old red blood cells and holds a reserve of blood. It recycles iron.

It also synthesizes antibodies in its white pulp. Eggs are another source of protein. Plant-based proteins include beans, nuts, and seeds. You might add this type of protein to a meal by eating baked beans, peanut butter, or a handful of cashews. Protein foods should make up a little less than one-quarter of an entire meal.

Anatomy of the Human Body

Food Groups Game : Drag foods from the top of the screen down into the correct food groups. Take a Trip: Food Groups : Play this food group game to learn about different healthy foods that are part of the food groups. Blast Off : When you play the Blast Off game, you have to choose the best foods to give you the energy you need. Energy Balance : Jordan and Nicola need to eat a healthy diet to have enough energy for all of their activities. Can you help them? The Fabulous Five Webquest : Your assignment is to figure out where the food groups fit on the food pyramid and what foods you need each day.

Dairy Products Dairy products include both drinks and foods. Milk is a dairy product with lots of good vitamins and minerals, including calcium.

Cheese, yogurt, and ice cream are other types of dairy products. Eating dairy products is important because these foods give you calcium that helps make your bones and teeth strong.

Bones in Human Body - FREE Ebook PDF for SSC and Railways Exam

Dairy products also contain protein to build your muscles. Dairy Farm : Playing Dairy Farm will teach you all about the process of taking care of cows on a farm to produce milk. The Amazing Food Detective : Learn about all the different foods and nutrients to see how they impact your body. Got it? Get it! PDF : This fun presentation teaches you all about the benefits of calcium and the foods you need to eat and drink to get it.

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