Download The Flash Quran on your computer now (Arabic) . Click here (Size: MB). Holy Quran Standard Edition 1. Language: Arabic Size: MB. $0吭ｧx ﾌ忍 W笙\»_ ﾌ忍 xi E 吭 _W}. %0\ 踊ｻ覧}ｺ兔ｳ 忍 hWF\P xix <ﾊ_ｻ覧\ｪ 忍 . 囘_觸 xﾝxｺ兔 &0吭ｧx ﾌ覧忍 W笙\»_ ﾌ忍. ;aｽ覧i仝D\j <ﾊ覧]£_³; ;aｽ覧i仝D. ruthenpress.info zip Arabic Quran South ruthenpress.info Arabic-Quran ruthenpress.info rar Assamese Quran ruthenpress.info
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The Quran free pdf ebook. Here you Download the Quran in English free complete PDF-book. Posted on English Quran – Alhilali-Khan-version (29,5 MB). Published by ClearQuran. Dallas, Beirut “When you read the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from. Satan the form the prayers, and give from what We. form by any electronic or mechanical means, including information storage and retrieval systems, without permission in writing from the author.
The copy of the Quran was recited to the companions at a general meeting. There was no objection. So, a book called "mushaf" emerged, which means written verses.
A total of 33, companions agreed that every letter of the Quran was in the right place. Then this mushaf was sent to Umar ibn al-Khattab. After his death, this book passed on to Hazrat Hafsah, the daughter of Umar and a wife of Prophet Muhammad. Dialect of Quraysh A difference was observed in the recitation of the Quran in the Armenia battles between Muslims from Damascus and Iraq during the period of the third caliph, Uthman.
Hudhaifah, one of the companions, went before the caliph on his way back from an expedition and asked him to prevent this. On the 25th year of the hijra , Uthman gathered a delegation attended by Abdullah ibn al-Zubair, Saeed ibn al-Aas and Abd al-Rahman ibn Harith under the leadership of Zaid ibn Thabit. All of them, except for Zaid, were from Quraysh.
Uthman said that the dialect of Quraysh should be preferred if they were to fall into conflict with Zaid regarding the dialect, since Muhammad was from the Quraysh tribe. The Quran had been revealed in seven dialects of the Arabic language of the time.
The first Muslims who were literate could easily read the writing of their own language, but somewhat differently, since at the time the Arabic script did not have diacritical marks to differentiate letters or vowel symbols. For example, those from the Tameem tribe pronounced the letter "sin" as "te" and read the word "nas" as "nat. The delegation brought the original mushaf from Hafsah. In this mushaf, the surahs were not separated from each other. The surahs were sorted according to the order of their descent in Ali's manuscript and according to their lengths in the manuscript of Abdullah ibn Masood.
Now the verses were written in the Quraysh dialect. The Quran describes Muhammad as "ummi",  which is traditionally interpreted as "illiterate", but the meaning is rather more complex.
Medieval commentators such as Al-Tabari maintained that the term induced two meanings: first, the inability to read or write in general; second, the inexperience or ignorance of the previous books or scriptures but they gave priority to the first meaning.
Muhammad's illiteracy was taken as a sign of the genuineness of his prophethood. For example, according to Fakhr al-Din al-Razi , if Muhammad had mastered writing and reading he possibly would have been suspected of having studied the books of the ancestors.
Some scholars such as Watt prefer the second meaning of "ummi"—they take it to indicate unfamiliarity with earlier sacred texts. The verse was revealed after the Prophet finished delivering his sermon at Ghadir Khumm. The first caliph, Abu Bakr d. Zayd ibn Thabit d.
Thus, a group of scribes, most importantly Zayd, collected the verses and produced a hand-written manuscript of the complete book. The manuscript according to Zayd remained with Abu Bakr until he died.
Zayd's reaction to the task and the difficulties in collecting the Quranic material from parchments, palm-leaf stalks, thin stones collectively known as suhuf  and from men who knew it by heart is recorded in earlier narratives. In about , the third Caliph Uthman ibn Affan d. In order to preserve the sanctity of the text, he ordered a committee headed by Zayd to use Abu Bakr's copy and prepare a standard copy of the Quran.
That text became the model from which copies were made and promulgated throughout the urban centers of the Muslim world, and other versions are believed to have been destroyed. The order of this text differed from that gathered later during Uthman's era in that this version had been collected in chronological order. Despite this, he made no objection against the standardized Quran and accepted the Quran in circulation. Other personal copies of the Quran might have existed including Ibn Mas'ud 's and Ubay ibn Ka'b 's codex, none of which exist today.
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