Andreas Ch. Ntakas. Harmonica. Method For this method we will use the hole diatonic harmonica in C, the most common harmonica for harmonica. great grandmother twice my age, I created this method for you. school, pass out harmonicas in the key of C and a few days later, every single one of those. Harmonica ruthenpress.info - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.
|Language:||English, Spanish, German|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Register to download]|
Harmonica Method - Download as PDF File .pdf) or read online. Those students using or hole solo-tuned chromatic harmonicas will be able to . avoid this, you need to learn a technique for playing one note at a time. began to play guitar and harmonica when he was 18 years old. In his day job, Frank . average person takes a few weeks to get this technique. Repeat it slowly.
The pace you are comfortable with. Unless you have an imminent gig or recording session, there is no reason you need to practice at any pace other than your own. Obviously, you should go through the exercises and songs in the order they are presented. New techniques and skills are introduced along the way, and you need to become proficient at each of them before you move on to the next.
Spend 10 minutes or so on one thing, then 10 minutes or so on something else, and then go back to the first thing. You should always work on three or four different areas simultaneously, and perhaps break them out into different practice sessions so that you can focus exclusively on the area at hand. This is one of the great things about the harmonica.
It can always be within your reach. Even a spare 10 minutes can be usefully and enjoyably utilized blowing on your harp.
Trust us on this. This is a great way to perfect your technique and style and to learn the styles and techniques of the masters. The harp is a versatile instrument, and you should embrace that versatility in your playing.
This is one of the most important practice tips we can give you. It will give you the opportunity to evaluate your playing critically, which will greatly accelerate your progress.
Replay them again and again, listening closely to your technique, playing style, and sound. There is no substitute for playing live with other musicians. If you check at work, you might be surprised at how many of your colleagues have musical backgrounds and would enjoy the opportunity to play.
You can put an ad in the music section of your local newspaper and check the postings at local music stores. Many great harpists have never had a lesson in their life. If nothing else, a skilled instructor can introduce you to some fresh ideas that will add diversity to your playing style. Remember: The harp is the ultimate unstructured, free-style music instrument. What you play on the harp, more than on any other instrument, should be a pure reflection of your soul. Your goal is not to merely play the music.
Your goal is to feel the music. Music should be an extension of your mood at the moment, and you should let your emotion flow freely through your harp. Blues Clues Practice being spontaneous. Set your CD changer to random selection, load it up with CDs of different styles of music, and let it rip. This is great preparation for professional jam sessions, which can get pretty hot and fastpaced. You want to be able to keep up. It could even happen in as little as six months from when you get started.
The harmonica world needs only so many masters. Within six months from the date you downloadd this book, you could find yourself entertaining others with good quality music, playing professionally in a band if you want to, and generally having a good time with your music.
Author unknown. We just want you to note that the harmonica not only has survived several thousand years of human progression and occasional regression, but has migrated across different civilizations while constantly adapting itself to reflect prevailing musical tastes. In this chapter, we sketch the history of the harmonica from its oriental origins to its place in the modern world of music. Then we explore its role in the development of early American music styles and examine why it was and still is the perfect instrument for the sounds and rhythms that exemplify the American music experience.
Others contend that it was in fact Empress Nyu-kwa who deserves credit for inventing this instrument around B. We strongly suspect that the sheng actually was invented for either of these royal personages by one of the Royal Eunuchs. Whoever came up with the idea, the sheng was an immediate hit in the royal household and quickly spread throughout China and more distant areas of Asia.
It then began to spread westward with the opening of trade routes and was being played by Turks and Persians by the sixth century. Harmonicology A free-reed instrument uses free-standing reeds to create different tones. The reed is a strip of leather or metal that is attached at one end and free to vibrate at the other.
The flow of air makes the free end vibrate. The length of the strip determines the tone: A longer reed produces a lower tone and, conversely, a shorter reed produces a higher tone.
The sheng was one of the first free-reed instruments. Its reeds were fixed at one end and free to vibrate at the other. The length of the reed determined the pitch of the tone. Modern day free-reed instruments include the harmonica, accordion, and concertina. Each of them has many different free-standing reeds of various lengths to create different pitches.
Compare them with a typical fixed-reed instrument, such as a clarinet or saxophone. With these instruments, the reed is fixed within, and vibrates against, a mouthpiece. There is only one reed in the instrument. The pitch of a note is determined by the length of the tube attached to the mouthpiece. Different pitches are created by opening and closing holes in the tube.
Much like its descendant the harmonica, the sheng was a highly expressive instrument that could be played with great versatility. It could be mellow or shrill, and sheng players used many of the same techniques you will learn in this book: vibratos, bending, and trilling. Unlike the modern harmonica, however, the sheng plays the same notes on both inhale and exhale.
Europe Adopts and Adapts the Free Reed Traders reputedly brought shengs back to Europe as early as the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, but a French missionary, Pere Amiot, is generally credited with getting the freereed ball rolling in Europe in the late s. Numerous experiments were undertaken to create free-reed variants of the original sheng. If the truth be told, this instrument was much closer to the modern-day harmonica than any of the others: The player could both blow and draw to play different notes, and chords could be played due to the unique ordering of notes using the same concept still found on diatonic harmonicas today.
Richter is still the namesake for the most common tuning for diatonic harmonicas today. By the s, these free-reed instruments had become popular enough to be commercially produced in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Hohner was much more than an artisan; he was a very good businessman who soon controlled the harmonica trade in Europe. Yet the greatest contributing factor to his success was nothing so grand.
It was the simple act of corresponding with relatives who had emigrated to America. They convinced him to ship a box of harmonicas to them in the early s, and a harmonica empire was born. The harmonica quickly found a market in America and spread both west and south, where it found its true roots.
The harmonica actually followed two divergent paths to popularity in American music, two paths that initially were defined by racial lines. Eventually, any racial distinctions disappeared and the two paths to a large extent merged. Among the European immigrants and their descendants, the harmonica was adopted for new American folk music that was a combination of Old- and New- World sounds and rhythms.
Much of the early American folk music was rooted in the popular music and dance tunes brought to America by European immigrants. Here, it was all mixed together into a melting pot of music, with a touch of American independence, freedom, and attitude added for flavor. It was incorporated into American folk bands and, together with the fiddle and banjo, became a driving force at barn dances, saloons, weddings, festivals, and campfire sing-alongs.
Harmonicology The straight harp is a style of playing the harmonica, also called the first position, in which the harmonica is played in the same music key as it is tuned to. This style of playing consists primarily of blowing notes, as opposed to drawing, and is the dominant style of play for folk, bluegrass, and Celtic music. A more modern-day musician who exemplifies the straight harp style of play is Bob Dylan. Many notable characters from American folklore took up the harmonica to pass the time between gunfights and poker games or while lingering in jail cells.
Davey Crockett was said to have played the harmonica for the Alamo defenders it is unclear who survived to report this. They had brought from Africa many diverse styles of music characterized by intricate rhythms and notes not found in European music. Add their tradition of musical storytelling passed from generation to generation, and you have the birth of the blues. The slaves also brought from Africa a hand-held mouth instrument called a quill that was able to produce the same style of falling tones as the human voice.
As the harmonica spread to the South, they soon learned that similar falling tones could be produced on this new instrument. This was one of the first steps in the development of the style of playing known as cross harp, which is the dominant style of play for modern blues and is also widely used in rock and country music. Harmonicology The cross harp, or second position, is a style of playing the harmonica in which it is played in a key five notes higher than the key it is tuned to.
For example, a song in the key of G would be played on a C-tuned harmonica. This position is also known as the bluesharp position. At the same time, every German soldier was being provided with a Kaiser Wilhelm model for Christmas. Harmonicas from Sea to Shining Sea Meanwhile, back in America, the popularity of the harmonica continued to grow and branch out into different areas of music.
They started to spring up around the country in the early s, mostly as harmonica youth bands complete with uniforms in the style of marching bands. As these young musicians matured, so did their venues. Harmonica bands became a staple of vaudeville and concert halls in the s, and their repertoires were incredibly diverse, spanning ethnic songs, pop tunes, jazz standards, and light classical pieces. The best known of these bands probably was Borrah Minevitch and the Harmonica Rascals, which was a popular fixture on stages around the country for 25 years.
At the same time, radio and movies were competing for the attention and dollars of audiences, and the harmonica quickly moved into these media.
The other significant pre-war harmonica development was the emergence of the first harmonica soloists focusing on classical music. This was made possible by the invention in by Hohner, of course of the chromatic harmonica.
Unlike other harmonicas, which could play all 12 notes in the scale only by using techniques such as bending and overblowing, the chromatic harmonica could play all 12 notes through simply blowing and drawing and pushing a button on the side of the instrument to sharpen or flatten the notes.
This development opened up an entirely new world of music to harmonica players. The harmonica world was on a roll. With an embargo in effect, harpists now turned their attention to figuring out how to repair what had previously been considered throwaway instruments. In the process of learning how to fix their busted harmonicas, players began to learn how to improve and customize them.
New styles of music appeared on the scene, and the harmonica again proved its versatility in becoming an important element of these styles. God put that on me to make me play. But the most important post-war event, as far as the harmonica was concerned, was conducted with much less fanfare.
Suddenly, the harmonica took center stage on the Chicago blues scene. This sound became the standard for blues harp playing and was a major contributing factor in catapulting blues music and blues harpists, such as James Cotton and Junior Wells, onto the national scene. During this same period, the chromatic harmonica players continued to carve out a niche in the jazz and, to a lesser extent, classical arenas. Larry Adler was still the master of this scene in America right up until he was branded a communist and blacklisted during the dark period of the McCarthy hearings.
He left his native country and emigrated to the United Kingdom. Also in the early s, John Sebastion became the first harmonicist to focus exclusively on classical music. It was during this era that the harmonica once again captured the imagination of the American public, and sales soared. It seemed that, regardless of the style of music, the harp was a featured instrument. Almost every British band featured a harp player, and American bands, such as Creedence Clearwater Revival, took up the instrument as well.
Today, approximately two million harmonicas are sold each year in the United States alone, with annual worldwide sales exceeding 10 million. There are estimated to be over 40 million people in the United States who have played the harmonica.
Hohner itself has produced well over one billion harmonicas since its first year when its founder painstakingly built the first No matter how you slice it, the harmonica is the most popular instrument in the world. However, it also has an extremely strong presence in rock, country, bluegrass, and folk music, and a growing popularity in the world of jazz. Although the harmonica bands have largely faded from the scene, there are plenty of old and new legends still blowing their harps.
It has established a museum in Trossingen, Germany that displays over 25, harmonicas.
It has become the pre-eminent international organization promoting and supporting the harmonica, complete with quarterly newsletters and an annual convention. On a final note, harpists finally seem to be making in-roads into the world of formal music education.
City University of New York has become the first university to qualify the harmonica for credit toward a degree program. This university is a short subway ride from The Juilliard School of Music, so who knows where this will lead.
We help you choose your first harmonica and provide some useful information to guide you in future downloads. Most of your choices, however, will be based on personal preference.
No one style or model is ideal for every person or every situation. As you progress, you should experiment with different types of harmonicas from different manufacturers and build your harp inventory based on your own playing style and preferences. Decisions: Getting the Best download downloading a harmonica should involve much more than walking into a music store and selecting the one with the best-sounding name or best-looking case.
Most of the following points refer to the diatonic harmonica, the first type to learn. Keys and Tunings Harmonicas are tuned to play different notes. The collection of notes available on a harmonica is usually identified as a key, such as the key of C-major. Unfortunately, it gets much more complex than this. We thoroughly explain what set of notes each scale type refers to in Chapter Then there are the specialized tunings of tremolo, octave, chord, and bass harmonicas.
The point is this: You need to know exactly what style of harmonica and tuning you want before you download. Musical Style Do you want to play blues, rock, country, bluegrass, folk, Celtic, or something else? For the first three, you tend to play in cross harp, so you would download a harp that produces a full fat tone and is built for strong bends and overblowing. For the latter three, you would likely play in straight harp, so you might prefer a brighter, cleaner sound.
Blues Clues Although all diatonic harps are designed similarly, subtle differences affect their sound: materials used for reed and reed plate, comb material and size, hole and chamber size, and reed size and thickness. Metal combs tend to produce a bright tone. Harps with large holes and chambers play louder.
The larger the reed surface area, the louder and more responsively the harp plays. The thinner the reed plate, the easier it is to bend notes.
In other words, you can achieve a good tone on any harmonica excluding the really cheap models if you use good technique and work at it. The best way to discover which harmonicas produce the right sound for you is to experiment with different models instead of always downloading the same one.
Durability Durability is largely determined by the quality of the materials and workmanship that go into the manufacture of a harmonica. Comb You now can download harmonicas with combs the center portion with the holes made from wood, plastic, or metal. This choice truly is a matter of preference. All three produce slightly different tones. Many harpists still prefer the classic tone produced by a wooden comb, but plastic combs have become very popular in recent years.
Hand vibrato method This expressive method adds emotion to the notes played by shaking the instrument with the palm of the hand. Hand vibrato method "Furusato" Violin method Just the top row of a double-reed harmonica is used to play, producing tones that sound like a violin.
Violin method "Aka Tonbo" Bass method A method by which a melody can be played while beating a rhythm. All by yourself, play the melody toward your right cheek, while, from the left, strike the mouthpiece with your tongue to block the holes of notes you do not want to sound.
Leave the tongue there moving, striking the front of the mouthpiece, and creating a rhythm as you play. Bass method "Long, Long Ago," an Irish Folk Song Playing chromatic-scale notes on non-chromatic double-reed harmonicas A feature of the chromatic harmonica is that it is able to play chromatic-scale notes, but these can also be played on regular double-reed harmonicas. In this case, two instruments are played, one playing the notes that would be the white keys on a piano, and the other playing the notes for the black keys.
While playing, the harmonicas are raised and lowered, as necessary, with the harmonica being played placed in front and the harmonica not being played lowered toward the back.
The mouthpieces become narrower on the oblique. Therefore, four holes are stuck together, which is supposed to be easier to play once one is used to it.
Playing with the left and right sides reversed The layout of the notes is such that the lower notes are lined up to the left and the higher notes to the right, but the instrument can also be played turned upside down.
Holding the instrument so that the notes get higher the farther to the left you go might be a good mental exercise.