Book design by Nicola Ferguson. Illustrations by Hadel Studio. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Kaku, Michio. Parallel worlds: a journey. In this thrilling journey into the mysteries of our cosmos, bestselling author Michio Kaku takes us on a dizzying ride to explore black holes and time. cover image of Parallel Worlds. Read A Sample. Parallel Worlds Kindle Book; OverDrive Read; Adobe PDF eBook MB; Adobe EPUB eBook MB.
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Knopf, Borzoi Books, and the colophon are registered trademarks of. Random The hidden reality parallel universes and the deep laws of the cosmos / by Brian . Parallel ruthenpress.info - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online . In his book Quantum Questions: Mystical Writings of the World's Great. Abstract: I survey physics theories involving parallel universes, which form a natural four- not whether parallel universes exist (Level I is the uncontroversial .
Given the billions of galaxies spanning the universe. The pictures show that new stars are born in this stellar nursery. In a galaxy such as our own. The picture is a combination of different images taken through different filters. Gamma ray bursts are so intense despite happening halfway across the universe.
Supernova explosions are illustrious events among astrophysicists because they provide a rare opportunity for researchers to study distant parts of the cosmos. These are events capable of sterilizing life in their cosmic neighborhoods.
In the case of hypernova. Astronomical calculations reveal that these pillars vanished 6. In some sense. The universe seems neither benign nor hostile. The gamma rays encountered this new space as extra distance on their voyage. But we cannot see anything before the point when light did not emerge out of the baby universe. We perceive the past of the Sun as our present Sun.
We are looking at this GRB today and seeing yesterday! Under the Big Bang theory. Our best telescopes can see a few million years after the origin of the universe. Asking the question. As the universe continues its expansion. Even if the Sun disappears in a cosmic event. That could potentially allow us to create a purer picture of the cosmos beyond the levels light allows us.
When we look at the Sun. As the waves propagated throughout the universe. So how far can we see? The puzzling answer is around 13 billion light-years. There must be much more to explore beyond the visible universe.
The early universe was not transparent to light. By the same reasoning. When the waves originating from this hypernovae began their journey. This GRB and the resulting nebula must be long gone. And when we see it. The visible universe represents the space we can conceive in the sense that radiation from there will reach us.
Carl Sagan once remarked In the absence of any information from other galaxies. New York: The goldilocks enigma. Multiverse cosmological models. Modern Physics Letters A. Quantum theory. A possible approach to inclusion of space and time in frame fields of quantum representations of real and complex numbers. BBC — Homepage. Advances in Mathematical Physics.
Quantum mechanics of geometry. Accessed 7 Oct The pillars of creation.
Accessed 12 July References 33 Figure 2. Mystery of a giant void in space. Stars are born Image credit: An extraterrestrial perspective. Reviews of Modern Physics The quantum structure of space and time: Spacetime in string theory. Academic Search Premier. Time and the multiverse plus. Wolfram Media.. Physics Letters B. Parallel worlds: A journey through creation. December Jack Ng. Accessed 14 Mar Natural numbers and quantum states in fock space. Pale blue dot: A vision of the human future in space.
Scientific American. Morrow and Co. Quantum questions: Accessed 10 July New Jersey: World Scientific Press. Galileo and theology cosmology: Reviews of Modern Physics. New Journal of Physics. Available at http: The mathematical universe. Described by . April Noncommutative geometry for pedestrians. Cambridge University Press. International Journal of Quantum Information.
Bibcode RvMP… The dancing Wu Li masters: An overview of the new physics. Everett III. Many worlds theory. Foundations of Physics. A new kind of science. Galileo and Theology Cosmology: Random House.
Hinduism and science: The state of the south Asian science and religion discourse. Physics of the impossible: A scientific exploration into the world of phasers. Anchor Books. What is life?
With mind and matter and autobiographical sketches Canto classics Reprintth ed. Parallel Universes. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Vishnusahasranama Meanings English Condensed Hinduism. Preview of the book "What Caused the Big Bang? Jump to Page. Search inside document. Documents Similar To Parallel Universes.
Yeathy Raj K Naidu. Jeffrey Augustine. Brent Silby. Malou San. Karim Qaiser. Erich Webb. Francisco Medina. Ok, then comes P I hated Physics when I was a kid, because the teacher who taught me wore coke-bottle glasses, had halitosis, and his spittle flew. Ok, then comes Parallel Worlds, by Michio Kaku. I don't know what made me pick up this book.
A lot of reading impulse probably had something to do with stray comments or observations one picks up from somewhere. I had read that this book was unputdownable. A science nonfiction book unputdownable. Was I born yesterday? But often the names simply deceive.
For example, the planet Venus is named after the Goddess of beauty, though now we know that the so-called beautiful planets atmosphere is full of carbon dioxide with a floating mist of sulfuric acid that can corrode any flesh. What a strange beauty!!!
Of course, beauty can be deceiving and dangerous. Obviously, ancient notions about planets and stars were skewed, though they laid the foundation of modern astronomy. Sanskrit and Indian philosophy always had a broad appeal to philosophers and scientists.
Oppenheimers remark from the Bhagavad Gita, Now, I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds, has been widely written about; it came to his mind after Oppenheimer observed the first experimental detonation of an atomic bomb in the New Mexico desert.
Furthermore, the Hindu Gods easily blend into the human psyche. Many of them engaged in activities that we are used to. They, like us, loved, hated, killed and procreated. They enlightened their followers with words and deeds and explained material success and failure to the devotees, making it easier for them to overcome the delusion of both.
Another reason is the association Hindu Gods have with deeper philosophical nuance and its linkage to science. Theoretical physicist Fritjof Capras The Tao of Physics is an international bestseller that explores and relates the depiction of the Nataraja posture with the continuous creation and destruction of particles and their different manifestations in the universe.
It portrays Shivas dance of creation and destruction, much like the dance of fundamental particles that generates and destroys matter and energy in the universe in various forms. A plaque next to the Shiva statue captures the contemporary connotation of the metaphor of Shivas cosmic dance from Capras book: Modern physics has shown that the rhythm of creation and destruction is not only manifest in the turn of the seasons and in the birth and death of all living creatures, but is also the very essence of inorganic matter and for the modern physicists.
Then, Shivas dance is the dance of subatomic matter. The metaphor of the cosmic dance thus unifies ancient mythology, religious art and modern physics. It is ironic that, partly driven by capitalist market forces, the customer service representatives working for U. There is little reason to resent this, as even Gods are subjected to the laws of nature for their survival.
Again, I learned that my colleague who is expecting soon will name her daughter Maya, the ultimate illusion. And, if anyone seeks a boys name, a clear choice is Vishnu, another name that is vanishing from the Indian demographic landscape as virtual Bobs and Joes flourish and survive along with Pepsi and McDonalds.
We cannot foresee how future generations will perceive the world. They might not be interested in any illusion, as in years from now they may have transformed into beings without any name and desire to know anything. Then the great Maya will dissolve in Brahman. While analyzing the cosmic microwave background CMB radiation data, scientists discovered evidence of a huge void spanning almost 1 billion light-years 1 light-year6 is approximately 10 trillion km.
The void in the infant universe represents the absence of any material, which otherwise should have become stars and planets.
None of the current cosmological theories can explain such huge voids in the data. Some physicists interpret this as the unmistakable imprint of another universe beyond the edge of our own.
Physicist Mersini-Houghton proposed a model of entangled universes, under which they predict two huge voids, not just one Frankel One of them has been found by WMAP data, and new data is expected to reveal a second similar void.
The recently launched Planck satellite by the European Space Agency, whose exceedingly sensitive detectors measure CMB radiation and which captured its first image recently, may be able to ascertain this second void. Even if everyone agrees these features are caused by shadow universes, we still could not deduce anything about them aside from their ghostly thumbprint.
It is the distance that light can travel in one year. Light moves at a velocity of about , kilometers km each second. So in one year, it can travel about 10 trillion km. More precisely, one light-year is equal to 9,,,, km. The effect of multiverse. The colored dots are clusters within one of four distance ranges, with redder colors indicating greater distance.
Colored ellipses show the direction of bulk motion for the clusters of the corresponding color. Kashlinsky et al. Whether Vedic cosmology, as some suggest, has scores of other eerie parallels with some of the most cutting-edge recent cosmological theories of multiverse, oscillating universe, and the Big Bang, so it should come as no surprise that some of the greatest minds in science have turned to these 3,year-old cosmological ideas for inspiration and questions about our enigmatic universe.
Some physicists have shown deep interest in philosophical aspects of Upanishads. For one, these modern cosmological theories may themselves be disproved and, besides, many physicists remain skeptical of these theories.
Some cosmologists, for instance, question the whole notion of multiverse. According to them, if the universe encompasses everything we know or ever want to know, it rules out any room for parallel universes.
Some other models suggest that universes are finite in number and restricted by mathematical formulations. These are collections of stories, discussions, and instructions addressing issues of the relationship between the human and the ultimate realms. Cosmic Parallels? Even so, the idea that all structures that exist mathematically also exist physically is the foundation of the parallel universe concept.
This hypothesis, known as the ultimate ensemble, predicts the existence of all universes that can be defined by mathematical equations. But many physicists disagree on the grounds that not all mathematical structures are well defined. Nevertheless, the concept of many worlds or parallel universes, which would have invited the ridicule of mainstream physicists, as it did when it was first proposed more than half a century ago by American physicist Hugh Everett, is currently one of the hottest trends in theoretical physics.
The multiverse theory is the inevitable result of quantum mechanics, which represents a set of multiple probable states for a particle. When an observation is made, the particle chooses one of the multiple states measured by the observer, and the other states collapse. This is the most basic principle behind the existence of many universes, or multiverses.
Quantum physics, the study of the minutest particles that make up matter, has been remarkably successful, but it reveals a picture of a quantum reality so strange that our minds are unable to grasp it. For instance, quantum mechanical experiments have proved that objective reality is unlikely to have a separate existence. The nature of the ultimate reality is intertwined with our actions, and uncertainty rules when we observe it.
This is contrary to our common sense view that reality has an existence independent of the observer. In the realm of the smallest particles, however, objective reality is not an absolute entity that can definitely be measured, as is true in classical physics.
Erwin Schrodinger, a leading theorist in quantum mechanics, who had a lifelong interest in philosophy, wrote : From all we have learnt about the structure of living matter, we must be prepared to find it working in a manner that cannot be reduced to the ordinary laws of physics.
And that not on the ground that there is any new force or what not, directing the behavior of the single atoms within a living organism, but because the construction is different from anything we have yet tested in the physical laboratory.
This is not very far removed from the concept of Brahman the self-existent, immanent, and transcendent supreme and ultimate reality. Brahman is the fundamental divine cause of everything in and beyond the universe.
The nature of Brahman is explained as personal and impersonal, and it is the source of the creation of the universe and Gods. The universe and all the objects in it are the manifestation of a fundamental reality, which we dont know yet. We understand the universe as an exchange of matter and energy, and scientists often disagree about the fundamental building blocks of these phenomena.
The absence of objective reality implies that the material world could be an illusion or, what Hindu sages called Maya. In Hinduism, Maya8 is the natural illusion that the material world is the only reality. It is a skewed perception, albeit commonly held, to believe that the material world is the fundamental reality.
Maya, which has its roots in the Upanishads, denotes the power of God to make human beings believe in an illusion. The material world is the manifestation of Brahman, the infinite and immortal reality that is responsible for matter, energy, space, time, and every being. The scriptures and philosophies seek to unveil the illusion to learn the ultimate truth. However, such descriptions are Maya is the illusion or the skewed perspective with which we experience the universe.
Science employs its own methods and procedures toward that goal. Our universe and its subjects are creatures of spirit coated with matter that conceals the spirit from the light. Science can demonstrate its processes, is based on rationality and logic, and can be comprehended, but that is somewhat lost in the scheme of the ancient wisdom.
Consider, for example, this Upanishad expression, That which permeates all, which nothing transcends and which, like the universal space around us, fills everything completely from within and without, that Supreme non-dual Brahman That Thou Art. Our interpretations of the evolution of the cosmos, once based on myths and legends, have advanced markedly in the last century. We live in a universe that is beaming with billions of galaxies that are continuously expanding.
We now know that this expansion is accelerating, and we will never know what is beyond our cosmic horizon, as no light will ever reach us from the expanding universe. It is ironic that we need many universes for the existence of our own universe! The scientific approach always assumes that fundamental reality is different from us, and we are independent observers seeking truth. But many researchers now believe that we must rethink this assumption.
Our observation impacts the observed reality, because we are part of it. This essentially is the Advaita9 philosophy, a cornerstone of Hinduism, which asserts that Brahman ultimate reality and Atman self are the same.
Such a non-dualistic approach is advocated by many modern researchers who argue that the effect of observation either changes reality or creates new realities. Human eyes operate using the visible light of the electromagnetic spectrum, allowing us to view only objects that emit light, which comprise only a small fraction of the universe.
In modern times, telescopes augmented the unaided eye in the hunt for the unknown.
Operating from ground and space, these telescopes scan the cosmos to draw pictures of material objects. Even with telescopes, we exploit the electromagnetic radiation to weave images of the cosmos. Whether it is gamma rays, X-rays, microwaves, or visible light, throughout human history we have been dependent upon different forms of light to learn of cosmic events that document our own history. Here, let us discuss the most popular telescope of our time the Hubble Telescope, known as the mirror on the universe.
Now, years after Galileo attempted to know the heavens using his spy glasses, our machines can narrate the story of the heavens in much more detail. The heavens narrate their stories in a distinct manner and allow humans to discern the mystery of creation and evolution.
Up to now, humans could accomplish this only through 9 Advaita means non-dual and is a prominent school of thought in Hindu philosophy. This doctrine identifies the self atman with the ultimate reality Brahman and negates any real distinction between the individual and the entire universe. This is because light is a messenger that can convey the untold chronicles of the cosmos, which has been a great source of myths and legends ever since the beginning of humankind.
For the ancients, the heavens were the citadel of Gods who visited them for various reasons and often punished them with fiery objects. The naked eye had been the only means to investigate the elements of the cosmos, and it changed forever in Galileo, the father of modern astronomy, developed a new scientific world when he used the power of the telescope to explore the heavens.
He narrated the accounts of his observation in The Starry Messenger published in Telescopes are often referred to as time machines, as they escort us back in time. When we peep at a star or any other object a few million light years away, we are in fact seeing that object as it existed a few million years ago.
Since Galileos first use of the telescope, scientists have been improving the power of telescopes to gaze at the unfathomable universe. Now, years after the Galilean adventure, modern astronomers are on the verge of investigating the frontiers of the known universe.
A variety of telescopes, operating from ground and space, aid them in this process. If the Galilean spy glasses were able to reach just the backyard of our galactic neighborhood, the modern era telescopes take us closer to the moments of creation known as the Big Bang.
Among these machines is the worlds most famous telescope, the Hubble Space Telescope, which turned 22 on April 24, During the last two decades of operation, it saw the birth and death of stars and captured many turbulent cosmic collisions. It granted us an exotic vision to enjoy the wonders that lie in the tempestuous cosmic ocean.
It continues to beam hundreds of images back to Earth every week. Figure 2. There are many descriptions for the Hubble telescope, including the eye on the sky or the mirror on the universe Image credit: NASA. Since its launch in , most of its original instruments have been upgraded or replaced by service missions. Hubble, located at about km above Earths surface, approximately the size of a school bus, completes one full orbit around Earth in 97 min.
In addition to many startling discoveries, the Hubble images have become the artwork of the cosmos. In fact, some of these objects date back to the baby universe, approximately 13 billion years ago, when the galaxies were just forming from the seeds of the Big Bang. This particular image contains an estimated 10, galaxies in different shapes and sizes.
Each of them might contain billions of stars and many possible planetary systems. Scientists were perplexed at the mere existence of such a large number of galaxies, and some even dubbed them as Kingdoms of Heaven. The mystery surrounding the creation and existence of the universe reaches out to us in the form of light energy.
Hubble has done more than any other modern telescope to garner that energy and to paint a picture of the history of the universe for coming generations.