cessed into fabric in a weaving or knitting mill. After dyeing and finishing, the woven material is ready for de- livery either directly to a manufacturer of textile. Textile Dictionary by the former Celanese Corporation to provide a source for The fourth edition, known as the Dictionary of Fiber and Textile Technology, was . Textile dictionary is so much important element for textile engineering student. Thousands of Textile definitions are available in This Dictionary. download | Free ebooks | PDF download · Textile Dictionary Free Download | Download Free.

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Textile Dictionary Pdf

A Glossary of Selected Fiber and Textile Terms. A. Abrasion Resistance. The ability of a fiber or fabric to withstand surface wear and rubbing. Air Jet Spinning. Management - Stephanie Hebert, American Textile Museum ruthenpress.infoy. ruthenpress.info?sequence= 1. The Textile Terms and Definitions Committee has approved the following Note. —In addition to its ordinary dictionary meaning, connoting trans-.

You are on page 1of 16 Search inside document A Abrasion Wet processors laundries try to make garments look worn or faded by scraping or rubbing the surface of the fabric causing abrasion. Pumice stones are most freuently used. The process was achie1ed by soaking pumice stones in chlorine and letting these stones create contrast. Thankfully there is a bartak machine. Basket Weave A fabric wea1e where more than one filling threads pass o1er and under the same number of threads on alternate rows of the warp. Bedford Cord A fabric wea1e with ribs down the length of the fabric.

Wool refers to the hair of the domestic sheep or goat , which is distinguished from other types of animal hair in that the individual strands are coated with scales and tightly crimped, and the wool as a whole is coated with a wax mixture known as lanolin sometimes called wool grease , which is waterproof and dirtproof. Wool is commonly used for warm clothing.

Cashmere , the hair of the Indian cashmere goat , and mohair , the hair of the North African angora goat , are types of wool known for their softness.

Angora refers to the long, thick, soft hair of the angora rabbit. Qiviut is the fine inner wool of the muskox. Sea silk is an extremely fine, rare, and valuable fabric that is made from the silky filaments or byssus secreted by a gland in the foot of pen shells.

Silk is an animal textile made from the fibres of the cocoon of the Chinese silkworm which is spun into a smooth fabric prized for its softness. There are two main types of the silk: 'mulberry silk' produced by the Bombyx Mori , and 'wild silk' such as Tussah silk wild silk. Silkworm larvae produce the first type if cultivated in habitats with fresh mulberry leaves for consumption, while Tussah silk is produced by silkworms feeding purely on oak leaves. Around four-fifths of the world's silk production consists of cultivated silk.

In the first two, the entire plant is used for this purpose, while in the last two, only fibres from the plant are utilized.

Coir coconut fibre is used in making twine , and also in floormats, doormats , brushes , mattresses , floor tiles, and sacking. Straw and bamboo are both used to make hats. Straw, a dried form of grass, is also used for stuffing, as is kapok. Fibres from pulpwood trees, cotton, rice , hemp, and nettle are used in making paper. Cotton , flax , jute, hemp, modal and even bamboo fibre are all used in clothing. The rapier type con1eys a pick of weft from a stationary package through the shed by means of either a single rapier or a pair of rapiers.

Textile Dictionary

There are of two kinds of fluid! The machines can attain great wea1ing speed and output. During the. This is a problematic process and the dyes in any case ha1e poor fastness to sun or abrasion. These features ha1e helped nylon replace cotton in many industrial uses like bags and flags and is 1ery popular for use in the outerwear apparel industry. They are sometimes used in the manufacture of fabrics and are often included in the formula of many detergents sold for home use.

Also 1ery popular in nylon for outerwear 2ackets. They are a1ailable in almost any color and ha1e been used extensi1ely in the 2eans wear industry by fabric dyers who want to create fabrics that fade. A beautiful uality of cotton. Plied yarns are used to make yarns stronger.

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Pumice is popular because of its strength and light weight. Eamie fibre did not achie1e importance in the West until the. Eamie is resistant to mildew and other types of micro! Eayon can be used alone or blended with other synthetic or natural fibers. De1eloped in the late.

When the warp floats o1er a series of picks at least four the fabric is called satin. When the filling floats o1er a series of ends the fabric is called sateen. This is an important tool in cutting apparel made from denim to ensure you cut garments from the same shade group.

Textile Dictionary

Denim fabrics for example ha1e almost o3 of si3ing. Deneric name for man! Twist arn A left handed twisted yarn. The synthetic! These features ha1e helped nylon replace cotton in many industrial uses like bags and flags and is 1ery popular for use in the outerwear apparel industry. They are sometimes used in the manufacture of fabrics and are often included in the formula of many detergents sold for home use.

Also 1ery popular in nylon for outerwear 2ackets. They are a1ailable in almost any color and ha1e been used extensi1ely in the 2eans wear industry by fabric dyers who want to create fabrics that fade. A beautiful uality of cotton.

Plied yarns are used to make yarns stronger. Pumice is popular because of its strength and light weight. Eamie fibre did not achie1e importance in the West until the.

Eamie is resistant to mildew and other types of micro! Eayon can be used alone or blended with other synthetic or natural fibers. De1eloped in the late. When the warp floats o1er a series of picks at least four the fabric is called satin. When the filling floats o1er a series of ends the fabric is called sateen.

Textile Dictionary

This is an important tool in cutting apparel made from denim to ensure you cut garments from the same shade group. Denim fabrics for example ha1e almost o3 of si3ing. Deneric name for man! Twist arn A left handed twisted yarn. The synthetic! T 4ack to Top Tencel J A cellulose fibre in1ented by ,ourtaulds using a non!

Textile Dictionary | Textiles | Yarn

The end result was a new fibre which was not only en1ironmentally friendly more than any other fibre but also featured 1ery high strength and a wonderful touch. Twill The term twill designates both a textile wea1e characterised by diagonal structural designs and the cloth made from that wea1e. The wea1e may be 1aried to produce broken or intertwining effects. Twill fabrics are usually firm and are used especially in suits and in sport and work clothes.