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My days with Nehru by M. O. Mathai; 1 edition; First published in ; Subjects: Biography, Officials and employees, Politics and government;. told Nehru that after taking my degree from Madras University I had to work a short visit to my parents. He asked me to visit him in Allahabad for a few days and . MO MATHAI's SHE - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File One day. She told me that she did not want any influence of their father on .
The question was no longer whether India was to be independent but whether it was to consist of one or more independent states. Hindu-Muslim antagonism, culminating in late in clashes that killed some 7, people, made the partition of the subcontinent inevitable.
While Gandhi refused to accept it, Nehru reluctantly but realistically acquiesced. On August 15, , India and Pakistan emerged as two separate independent countries. Achievements as prime minister In the 35 years from , when Gandhi chose Nehru as president of the Congress session at Lahore, until his death, as prime minister, in , Nehru remained—despite the debacle of the brief conflict with China in —the idol of his people.
The real difference between Nehru and Gandhi was not in their attitudes toward religion but in their attitudes toward civilization. Whereas Nehru talked in an increasingly modern idiom , Gandhi was harking back to the glories of ancient India. The importance of Nehru in the perspective of Indian history is that he imported and imparted modern values and ways of thinking, which he adapted to Indian conditions.
Apart from his stress on secularism and on the basic unity of India, despite its ethnic and religious diversities , Nehru was deeply concerned with carrying India forward into the modern age of scientific discovery and technological development. In addition, he aroused in his people an awareness of the necessity of social concern with the poor and the outcast and of respect for democratic values.
One of the achievements of which he was particularly proud was the reform of the ancient Hindu civil code that finally enabled Hindu widows to enjoy equality with men in matters of inheritance and property. In the United Nations , India was the only nonaligned country to vote with the Soviet Union on the invasion of Hungary , and it was thereafter difficult for Nehru to command credence in his calls for nonalignment.
In the early years after independence, anticolonialism had been the cornerstone of his foreign policy. His interest in the issue waned, however, after Zhou Enlai , the Chinese prime minister, stole the spotlight from him at the Bandung Conference of African and Asian countries that was held in Indonesia in By the time of the first conference of the nonaligned movement in Belgrade , Yugoslavia now Serbia , in , Nehru had substituted nonalignment for anticolonialism as his most-pressing concern.
China soon withdrew its troops. In the months after the partition of the subcontinent in , he made tentative efforts to settle the dispute between the two new countries while Hari Singh, the maharaja of Kashmir, decided on which country he would join. When Singh chose India, however, fighting broke out between the two sides.
The UN brokered a cease-fire line in the region, and Nehru proposed territorial adjustments along the line that failed. That demarcation became the line of control that still separates the Indian- and Pakistani-administered portions of the region. Nehru was more fortunate in his efforts to solve the problem of the Portuguese colony of Goa , the last remaining foreign-controlled entity in India.
With the withdrawal of the British and the French, the Portuguese colonial presence in India had become an anachronism. Both the British and the French had withdrawn peacefully. If the Portuguese were not prepared to follow suit, Nehru had to find ways to dislodge them.
After first trying persuasion, in August he had permitted a group of unarmed Indians to march into Portuguese territory in a nonviolent demonstration.
When India finally struck, Nehru could claim that neither he nor the government of India had ever been committed to nonviolence as a policy.
Even during his four-year imprisonment term in Ahmednagar between and he managed to pen down one of the finest accounts of Indian history — the Discovery of India. It is unfortunate that many of us are yet to read this epic treatise. It is high time we do. These examples are enough to inspire parents and teachers, they show how a parent, a teacher, a thinker can shape young minds and lead them to greatness.
I do not find a better day to put forth some of the most alarming data that has come to light.
India is one of the leading countries in the continent of Asia when it comes to employment of child labor. A whopping 33 million children are employed in various industries — about a fifth of the child labour employed worldwide.
Many of these Indian children are employed in hazardous occupations such as matchbox making and precious stone cutting. We are consigning their future and our own to one of darkness by not standing up against child labour and not making basic education available to each child. Preview this item Preview this item. My days with Nehru Author: M O Mathai Publisher: New Delhi: English View all editions and formats Rating: Subjects Mathai, M. Show all links.
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