Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Agradeço a Paul Pavel, Deborah Karl e Mala Spiegelman por terem ajudado no parte deste livro. Agradeço à John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Rego Park, New York, Maus tells two pow- erful stories: The first is Spiegelman's father's account of how he and his wife survived. Hitler's Europe, a harrowing.

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Livro Maus Pdf

Volume One of the acclaimed graphic novel by Art Spiegelman, MAUS. by gresp in graphic novel maus Download as PDF or read online from Scribd. Flag for. Maus I y II. Published on Nov 21, Relato de un superviviente. Profile for Jorge Pedrero · Jorge Pedrero. Follow Advertisement. 19 fev. Download Um Livro Ilustrado de Maus Argumentos.

Synopsis[ edit ] Most of the book weaves in and out of two timelines. In the frame tale of the narrative present, [1] Spiegelman interviews his father Vladek in the Rego Park neighborhood of New York City [2] in — His father responds in broken English, "Friends? Your friends? If you lock them together in a room with no food for a week, then you could see what it is, friends! Vladek begs Art not to include this in the book and Art reluctantly agrees. After they return, political and anti-Semitic tensions build until Vladek is drafted just before the Nazi invasion. Vladek is captured at the front and forced to work as a prisoner of war. After his release, he finds Germany has annexed Sosnowiec and he is dropped off on the other side of the border in the German protectorate. He sneaks across the border and reunites with his family. Mala had tried to hide it, but Vladek finds and reads it. In "Prisoner on the Hell Planet", [13] Art is traumatized by his mother's suicide three months after his release from the mental hospital , and in the end depicts himself behind bars saying, "You murdered me, Mommy, and left me here to take the rap! The family splits up—Vladek and Anja send Richieu to Zawiercie to stay with an aunt for safety. As more Jews are sent from the ghettos to Auschwitz, the aunt poisons herself, her children and Richieu to escape the Gestapo.

Return to Book Page. Combined for the first time here are Maus I: By addressing the horror of the Holocaust through cartoons, the author captures the everyday reality of fear and is able to explore the guilt, relief and extraordinary sensation of survival - and how the Combined for the first time here are Maus I: By addressing the horror of the Holocaust through cartoons, the author captures the everyday reality of fear and is able to explore the guilt, relief and extraordinary sensation of survival - and how the children of survivors are in their own way affected by the trials of their parents.

A contemporary classic of immeasurable significance. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. Published October 2nd by Penguin Books first published January 1st More Details Original Title. Sosnowiec Poland Auschwitz Poland. Other Editions Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.

To ask other readers questions about The Complete Maus , please sign up. This unusual book was first published in under the title "Maus: A Survivor's Tale. And Here my Troubles Began. Do you agree? Peter Kubicek. Ville-markus Nevalainen I do believe that Maus is something that everyone should read - the way it explores the holocaust is so real. It being a graphic novel and having …more I do believe that Maus is something that everyone should read - the way it explores the holocaust is so real.

It being a graphic novel and having animal characters might push some people away at first, but these elements are what truly create the story. However, would like to point out that your dates are wrong. Part one was published , part two It won the Pulitzer in and the complete edition was published in Though these details do not matter that much.

It is worth reading? Priyansha yes it is See all 30 questions about The Complete Maus…. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. Sort order. Nov 05, Lisa rated it it was amazing Shelves: This burrowed it's way deep into my heart.

This made me feel so much. This was an experience , not just a "read". This was real and I can't even explain how this affected me because it was the most emotional thing I've ever read. Not made-up emotion. This was REAL and it affected me. He reminded me of my Grandfather, a little. I loved my Grandfather and I loved Vladek.

His story, as told to his son Art Spiegelman, was one of the most powerful stories I've ever experienced. This w oh my god. This was a story about survival and deep love. The love shown between Vladek and Anja mesmerized me and broke my heart seeing them go through so much cruelty and suffering. It is drawn masterfully in beautiful black and white. Jewish people are drawn as mice, German people are drawn as cats, Polish people are drawn as pigs and people from the U.

S are drawn as dogs. From Wikipedia: In a interview, Spiegelman noted that "these metaphors Art has a lot of guilt over having such an easy life when his parents went through a hell he couldn't even imagine.

Despite this, you could feel the love radiating from the pages. The love Art and Vladek had for each other. I loved the little funny moments in the novel, like when Vladek throws out Art's coat and gives him a "warm" coat, which Art hates because it isn't fashionable. Just the way Art draws his disapproving father made me smile. It was done with such warmth and love. Art's father was definitely a very funny man, even if he didn't mean to be. I loved Vladek so much and in the last few pages, you are shown a picture of Vladek during World War 2.

At that moment, I had to stop myself from crying because after reading his incredible story, I saw a picture of the actual Vladek. And it instantly broke my heart. I felt so much love for him, it was unreal.

This story is not a pleasant one but it is incredible. It's not easy to read at times but it's essential. It's about so many things. If you read this and it doesn't affect you, you are heartless. I recommend it to everyone. Even if graphic novels aren't usually your thing. This is my favourite graphic novel now. There is no way that can change now. This was unforgettable and deeply moving.

Read it.

Don't miss out on something so emotional and powerful. I hope you love it like I do. View all 9 comments. Wonderful example of the power of a graphic novel! While it took long time of finally reading Maus , I knew that it was a graphic novel referring about the Jew Holocaust, but using mice Jews and cats Nazis as the characters, Again, the Jew Holocaust is not a matter to take in comical way, but then, I think that the graphic novel could plainly use human beings not necessarily too realistic, some cartoon style could work and the graphic novel will be the same as good, the same as relevant.

You know, as in the movie Life is Beautiful where the horrors of the Holocaust are there, but still there is space for some humorous moments, that they help as tension relief without meaning any disrespect to the tragic historic event. However, definitely the graphic format of this story makes possible for readers to be witness from the begining until the end and even further of the whole tragic and cruel process of what Jews endured and not many were able to get out alive from it during the World War II.

The Complete Maus

A titanic graphic story constructed during years of artistic effort to show, with detail and authenticity, one of the darkest episodes of human history. Your friends? If you lock them together in a room with no food for a week… then you could see what it is, friends! In this way, with boldness and courage, Maus exposes us with a harsh truth: Survivors from a war in most cases is just because plain luck.

Even some survivors got such bad luck of dying after the war ended and by non-military personnel. War is a crazy thing any war and if you try to get some logic out of it, View all 40 comments.

The art style was a bit distracting at times, but I really enjoyed this! View all 3 comments. Mar 09, Steve rated it it was amazing. I speak of the horrific violence that persists to this day; that inflicted by cats on defenseless mice.

Perhaps the most obvious clue that this is, in truth, the intended theme lies in the title itself: For those of you unfamiliar with German, this is their word for mouse. Beyond that, when you look carefully at the drawings, you see that the goose-steppers have distinctly feline features, while the persecuted Jews in the ghettos and camps have rodent-like proboscides and disproportionately small eyes. Mar 9, Addendum: Aug 23, This still ranks as my top graphic novel of all time, but I just finished Chris Ware's Building Stories which gives it a pretty good run for the money.

The suffering in that one may not be as extreme, but it's every bit as real. View all 62 comments. Aug 07, F rated it it was amazing Shelves: View 2 comments. Jul 11, Councillor rated it it was amazing Shelves: Until just a few weeks ago, the only reason for why I read graphic novels now and then was because of people's constant recommendations about the beauty and the value of those kinds of books.

I will be honest; I am guilty of never believing those words. Most likely did I read graphic novels which didn't suit my personal tastes, but Art Spiegelman was capable of shattering my expectations and completely stunning me with the art of his writing and his illustrations.


But let's start at the beginning Until just a few weeks ago, the only reason for why I read graphic novels now and then was because of people's constant recommendations about the beauty and the value of those kinds of books. But let's start at the beginning. Maus is a collection of two graphic novels with autobiographical background about the author, Art Spiegelman, and his father's recollections about his experiences in the Second World War.

Spiegelman constantly switches between present and past, between the time when he writes down what his father tells him and the time when all the horrible events in the concentration camps took place. But he doesn't only include information about his father Vladek Spiegelman's tale of survival; the personal and very conflicted relationship between Art and Vladek also turns out to be a central part of the story, including controversy about Vladek's second wife and Art's personal approach to the success he had as an author when the first installment in his series of graphic novels was published.

Download PDF O livro mau (Os Maus) (Portuguese Edition)

Obviously, memoirs or autobiographies always include potential to let their author shine in a bright light, to let them appear heroic and exemplary. You have to rely on what the author tells you about himself and the people surrounding him, on which layers of his own character he presents.

Art Spiegelman did so in a very convincing way, pointing out not only the horrible crimes which were committed during the Nazi period, but also the flaws he and his father had themselves, as human beings with all their faults and mistakes.

Art and his father appear in such a realistic way that you can't help but care for them; something which never happened to me before in a book with autobiographical content.

Of course, some parts of the novels were shocking, which you need to expect before reading something about such an important subject. Feelings of despair and fear overshadowed Vladek Spiegelman's recollections of his experiences during the Second World War, from his family's decline and his marriage to his transport to Auschwitz.

Perhaps the most memorable thing about those graphic novels is the way Art Spiegelman used animal heads in the place of recognizable human ones. The completely black-and-white illustrations vividly underline the feelings Spiegelman wanted to express with his books. And still now, almost two months after finishing them, am I stunned. Do I need to mention that I'd recommend these graphic novels to everyone?

View all 26 comments. Maus was more than I expected. I knew it would be about World War II and the Holocaust with the charaters being anthropomorphic mice, cats, pigs, dogs, etc. What I didn't realize was it would expand even farther in to the specific lives of the Spiegelmans before, during, and after the war. His experienc Maus was more than I expected. His experiences with his father are as much a part of the book as the stories he is trying to document.

Another viewpoint of life under Nazi oppression is always riviting. I have read and seen both fiction and non-fiction accounts of life during WWII. I have been to the Dachau concentration camp. These stories are important, but are not always easy to read or tell.

I applaud Spiegelman for this creative approach that hopefully brings these stories to those who might not be inclined to read a big novel or watch a documentary. Basically everyone should read this or at least some stories of the war. They say those who forget history are doomed to repeat it. Jan 17, Leonard Gaya rated it it was amazing. One may dream: Back in those days, Hollywood was producing its most celebrated films, and Mickey Mouse had become the cutest little mascot on the silver screen.

At that very moment, the Allied troops carried movie cameras into the concentration camps. The films that remain from that time —the ones that were shown during the Nuremberg trial— are tough to watch, haunting, almost impossible to put into words.

Art Spiegelman has managed to blend both pictures Disney and the Red Army file footage poetically, through flat, condensed and straightforward drawings. His old father, a bit soft in the head and speaking in a funny broken English, provides a deeply personal, honest, at times slightly Kafkaesque or Chaplinesque account of these dreadful years, of that constant fear and deprivation, so that we could make some sense of this inhuman, world-changing experience. This visual masterpiece is a refutation of this sentence.

And it has left me both moved and dumbfounded. Uno splendido romanzo? In fondo le dimensioni delle vignette di Spiegelman fanno davvero venire in mente i fotogrammi di un film 35 mm. Spiegelman disegna gli ebrei come topi, i nazisti come gatti, i polacchi come maiali. Animali parlanti per esprimere condizioni umane profonde difficili da esprimere altrimenti Esopo, Fedro, La Fontaine. Una storia straziante? Che sorpresa la parte moderna, che regalo. View all 11 comments. Apr 02, Svetlana rated it it was amazing Shelves: In the narrative present, Art Spiegelman author is interviewing his father Vladek about his experiences as a Polish Jew and a Holocaust survivor.

The narrative past depicts these very experiences from the mid s to the end of the Holocaust in Spiegelman has utilised different species of animals to portray different nationalities and races - Jews as mice, Germans as cats, Poles as pigs and French as frogs. I was actually inspired to read this after visiting a war museum with my friend. Though I had a lot of fun that day, the Holocaust Exhibition was one of the most harrowing and tragic things I have ever seen.

During the exhibition, I realised how ignorant I had been to the extent of brutality, inhumanity and pain that was inflicted on Jews during WW2. And we knew that from here we will not come out anymore We knew the stories - that they will gas us and throw us in the ovens. This was And here we were. It was both insightful and addictive with its illustrations and style of storytelling. It allows the reader to gain a deeper understanding of how the camps were run and what it was like for the prisoners.

I am so glad that this is how Mr. View all 28 comments. Todo el mundo. Cuando una experiencia como esta es trasladada al papel es cuando a quien le pertenece deja de hacerlo. Porque tanto Art como Wladek son protagonistas en la historia. Primero perder la casa, el trabajo, luego la familia y posteriormente la libertad. El talento para muchas cosas y una gran dosis de buena suerte salvaron al padre de Art de desgracias peores. Que a pesar de todo lo que suframos seguimos siendo seres humanos.

Que muchas veces las experiencias sufridas no nos cambian como somos. Los Spiegelman perdieron a casi todos sus familiares pero sobrevivieron para contarlo. Porque a pesar de todo es un sobreviviente y los que sobreviven hacen bien en contar lo que los muertos ya no pueden.

View all 12 comments. Feb 02, LeeAnne rated it it was amazing Shelves: The Complete Maus Art Spiegelman Probably the most informative and intimate journal of the holocaust I have ever read. Maus is really two parallel stories, not one. It jumps back and forth between the two stories, one set in the past Poland , the other set in the present NYC. Story 1: Vladek Spiegelman tells how he survived the holocaust as a Polish-Jew. From the invasion, to the spread of Naziam, to his time in Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp as a tin worker at the gas cha The Complete Maus Art Spiegelman Probably the most informative and intimate journal of the holocaust I have ever read.

From the invasion, to the spread of Naziam, to his time in Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp as a tin worker at the gas chambers. Vladek is one of the only surviving camp survivors who had intimate knowledge of how the gas chambers facilities worked, because he worked there and lived to tell the tale. He saw how pesticide Zyklon B was dropped into the hollow columns to gas screaming victims and how they were burned in crematoriums afterwards. Most Jewish inmates who worked near the gas chambers and crematoriums were executed so they could not give testimony to the horrors they witnessed.

Story 2: Art details his creative process of composing his book about his dad's holocaust experiences. Art has a very antagonistic relationship with his father, Vledeck. We see Art trying to interview his reluctant father, pushing his father to recount his experiences.

The holocaust permeates the Spiegelman's daily life, even though it took place many years ago. There is this need in our society to push the Holocaust into the past and keep it there, but we see throughout this novel that this is impossible.

Survivors and their children don't have the luxury of just forgetting about it and moving on. You can stop talking about it, you can try to pretend it never happened, but the recollections of those horrible experiences never go away.

You can't erase them. They haunt their victims. A predominant theme in the book is how traumatic events like the Holocaust continue to distort and shape people generations later, long after they are over. Children of Holocaust survivors are also affected by holocaust, secondhand, through their parents.

They often feel guilty about leading such pampered lives, compared to their parents horrific experiences. Vledeck's parenting style is warped by the long-term psychological effects the holocaust has on his behavior.

Why Graphics? The graphics add power, context and tone to the text, providing deeper insight into the mixed feelings and thoughts of the characters. Most of the text in the book are direct quotes from Art Spiegelman's father, Vladik. Sometimes the graphics will reflect the same mood and message expressed in the text.

Other times the graphics might reflect Art's interpretation of what his dad is saying. This way the reader sees two very different interpretations of the same exact incident or story simultaneously. How brilliant is that? Art Spiegelman also uses animals to represent different races and nationalities. It's a very effective metaphor.

Jews are drawn as mice, which reflects back to the anti-Semitic stereotype of Jews being subhuman rats. Germans are cats; they prey on Jewish mice.

Americans are dogs, they fight the German cats. The French are frogs. The Polish are pigs; Nazis considered the Polish people to be pigs. Jewish Mice sometimes pretend to be Polish pigs to hide from the German Cats. They do this by wearing pigs masks. While creating the book, Art struggles with how he should draw his French wife who converted to Judaism to please his father.

It encourages the reader think about the roles of race, ethnicity, nationality and religion. Is Art's wife a frog that transforms into a mouse? But she's still French. So is she half frog, half mouse? Is she a frog in a mouse mask? When can we stop talking about the Holocaust?: I understand that the holocaust can sometimes seem like a ghastly but impersonal genocide of countless, faceless victims. The magnitude and horror of it all can be so hard to stomach. But each of those six million people was an individual with their own personal story.

Individual stories may not seem as important when compared to famous, historical figures like Hitler, Stalin, Churchill, Roosevelt, but learning about each individual story is critical to understanding the magnitude of the Holocaust. Recorded memories are the only way Holocaust survivors can maintain a connection to the stolen lives of those who were erased from the face of the earth by the Holocaust. View all 35 comments. Jul 05, Emer rated it really liked it Recommended to Emer by: Amanda Skoog.

I never knew that a graphic novel could be so moving, so haunting and so phenomenally powerful. It is a book that doesn't hold any punches and is jaw dropping in its exploration of humanity through both the atrocities and ethnic cleansing of that time and of how this moulds a man forever.

I don't have the words to fully express all I'm feeling right no I never knew that a graphic novel could be so moving, so haunting and so phenomenally powerful. I don't read graphic novels. I haven't read a comic since I was a little kid reading the Beano. So maybe you might think this isn't for you You'd be wrong. Everyone should read this. Highly recommended four and a half stars View all 7 comments. Dec 09, Kat Kennedy rated it it was amazing Shelves: She killed herself by slitting her wrists in a bathtub in May [38] and left no suicide note.

She is French and converted to Judaism [40] to please Art's father. Spiegelman struggles with whether he should present her as a Jewish mouse, a French frog, or some other animal—in the end, he uses a mouse. An aunt poisoned their first son Richieu to avoid capture by the Nazis four years before Spiegelman's birth. Shortly after he got out, his mother committed suicide. Spiegelman said that when he bought himself a German Volkswagen it damaged their already-strained relationship "beyond repair".

The discussions in those fanzines about making the Great American Novel in comics inspired him.

Maus - Wikipedia

The tale was narrated to a mouse named " Mickey ". His father gave him further background information, which piqued Spiegelman's interest. Spiegelman recorded a series of interviews over four days with his father, which was to provide the basis of the longer Maus.

He got detailed information about Sosnowiec from a series of Polish pamphlets published after the war which detailed what happened to the Jews by region. The same year, he edited a pornographic , psychedelic book of quotations, and dedicated it to his mother.

He moved back to New York from San Francisco in , which he admitted to his father only in , by which time he had decided to work on a "very long comic book". Will Eisner popularized the term with the publication in of A Contract with God. The term was used partly to mask the low cultural status that comics had in the English-speaking world, and partly because the term "comic book" was being used to refer to short-form periodicals, leaving no accepted vocabulary with which to talk about book-form comics.

Every chapter but the last appeared in Raw. Spiegelman was relieved that the book's publication preceded the theatrical release of the animated film An American Tail by three months, as he believed that the film, produced by Steven Spielberg 's Amblin Entertainment , was inspired by Maus and wished to avoid comparisons with it. Though Pantheon pushed for the term "graphic novel", Spiegelman was not comfortable with this, as many book-length comics were being referred to as "graphic novels" whether or not they had novelistic qualities.

He suspected the term's use was an attempt to validate the comics form, rather than to describe the content of the books. Pantheon later collected the two volumes into soft- and hardcover two-volume boxed sets and single-volume editions. It also has interviews with Spiegelman's wife and children, sketches, photographs, family trees, assorted artwork, and a DVD with video, audio, photos, and an interactive version of Maus.

In support of the African National Congress 's cultural boycott in opposition to apartheid , Spiegelman refused to "compromise with fascism" [74] by allowing publication of his work in South Africa. By , Maus had been translated into about thirty languages. Three translations were particularly important to Spiegelman: French, as his wife was French, and because of his respect for the sophisticated Franco-Belgian comics tradition; German, given the book's background; and Polish.

Poland was the setting for most of the book and Polish was the language of his parents and his own mother tongue. The Polish translation encountered difficulties; as early as , when Spiegelman planned a research visit to Poland, the Polish consulate official who approved his visa questioned him about the Poles' depiction as pigs and pointed out how serious an insult it was.

Publishers and commentators refused to deal with the book for fear of protests and boycotts. Demonstrators protested Maus's publication and burned the book in front of Gazeta's offices.

Bikont's response was to don a pig mask and wave to the protesters from the office windows. Based on Vladek's memory, Spiegelman portrayed one of the minor characters as a member of the Nazi-installed Jewish Police. An Israeli descendant objected and threatened to sue for libel. Spiegelman redrew the character with a fedora in place of his original police hat, but appended a note to the volume voicing his objection to this "intrusion". Spiegelman, like many of his critics, worries that "[r]eality is too much for comics It examines the choices Spiegelman made in the retelling of his father's memories, and the artistic choices he had to make—for example, when his French wife converts to Judaism , Spiegelman's character frets over whether to depict her as a frog, a mouse, or another animal.

Spiegelman took advantage of the way Nazi propaganda films depicted Jews as vermin, [86] though he was first struck by the metaphor after attending a presentation where Ken Jacobs showed films of minstrel shows along with early American animated films, abundant with racial caricatures.

Healthy emotions tell every independent young man and every honorable youth that the dirty and filth-covered vermin, the greatest bacteria carrier in the animal kingdom, cannot be the ideal type of animal Away with Jewish brutalization of the people!

Down with Mickey Mouse! Wear the Swastika Cross! Spiegelman shows this Jewishness by having her tail hang out of her disguise. According to art historian Andrea Liss , this may paradoxically enable the reader to identify with the characters as human, preventing the reader from observing racial characteristics based on facial traits, while reminding readers that racist classification is ever present.

Spiegelman has stated that "these metaphors When asked what animal he would make Israeli Jews , Spiegelman suggests porcupines. In every respect other than their heads and tails, they act and speak as ordinary humans. This describes the relation of the children of survivors with the survivors themselves.

While these children have not had their parents' experiences, they grow up with their parents' memories—the memory of another's memory—until the stories become so powerful that for these children they become memories in their own right. The children's proximity creates a "deep personal connection" with the memory, though separated from it by "generational distance".

Hirsch sees Maus in part as an attempt to reconstruct her memory. Vladek keeps her memory alive with the pictures on his desk, "like a shrine", according to Mala. He suffers anguish over his dead brother, Richieu, who perished in the Holocaust, and whom he feels he can never live up to. When she berates him, a victim of antisemitism, for his attitude, he replies, "It's not even to compare, the schwartsers and the Jews!

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