The Origins of. Totalitarianism by HANNAH ARENDT. Meridian Books. THE WORLD PUBLISHING COMPANY. Cleveland and New York. Arendt, Hannah. The origins of totalitarianism / Hannah Arendt; introcluetion by. Samantha Power. ruthenpress.info Originally published: Ist cd. New York: Harcourt, Brace. PDF | The objective of this article is to contribute to an The fact that Hannah Arendt´s “The Origins of Totalitarianism” – thus the title of the.
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The origins of totalitarianism by Hannah Arendt, , World Publishing edition, in English - [2d enl. ed.]. Escaping the Origins of Totalitarianism: A Critical Appraisal of the Career and Theory of Hannah Arendt and Erich Fromm. D Ray. Graduate Major Research. The Origins of. II. · Totalitarianism. Page 2. I I. I. •. Page 3. The Origins of. Totalitarianism. NEW EDITION. ~ by HANNAH ARENDT. Harcourt, Brace & World , Inc.
The Origins of Totalitarianism. Bobos In Paradise: David Brooks. Rabbit, Run.
John Updike. Product details Paperback: Nabu Press March 13, Language: English ISBN Tell the Publisher! I'd like to read this book on Kindle Don't have a Kindle? Is this feature helpful? Thank you for your feedback. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. There was a problem filtering reviews right now.
Please try again later. Paperback Verified download. This is one of the best examinations of totalitarian movements ever written. After reading several great authors who made reference to "The Origins of Totalitarianism," I knew I had to read it. It didn't disappoint. However, be forewarned, unless you are an intellectual giant or have a passion for 18thth century European History, the first two sections on Antisemitism, Imperialism, the rise of the nation-state, and the Pan-Movements can be difficult to absorb and will test your attention span.
But, Arendt's exploration and vivid descriptions of the characteristics of Bolshevism and Nazism as the two forms the same totalitarian movement was emotionally gripping and psychologically terrifying.
Very important book. This edition is printed in teeny tiny type with very little space between lines.
Unless you are good at reading microtype, better look for a different edition. Published in , I first read this in in undergrad Poli Sci major class.
It's scholarly, long, can be a tiring read. But anyone wondering why politics today is so polarizing will find startling parallels to powerful political movements observed beginning , , or more years ago. We're experiencing a similar revival today. Kindle Edition Verified download. Sorry to have to put in a negative review simply for the Kindle format, but no provision is made to crititique formats individually.
I have the hardbound Schocken edition of this work and it is fine.
I checked the sample Kindle version for this title and found significant typographical issues. This is clearly an OCR optical character recognition issue that was not caught in proofing. As a result, I cannot recommend the Kindle version of this title. Totalitarianism is a human enterprise difficult to explain but possible to comprehend. Intellectual, spiritual, and artistic initiative is as dangerous to totalitarianism as the gangster initiative of the mob, and both are more dangerous than mere political opposition.
The consistent persecution of every higher form of intellectual activity by the new mass leaders springs from more than their natural resentment against everything they cannot understand. Total domination does not allow for free initiative in any field of life, for any activity that is not entirely predictable. Totalitarianism in power invariably replaces all first-rate talents, regardless of their sympathies, with those crackpots and fools whose lack of intelligence and creativity is still the best guarantee of their loyalty.
A final section added to the second edition of the book in suggests that individual isolation and loneliness are preconditions for totalitarian domination. This commentary on Marxism has indicated concerns with the limits of totalitarian perspectives often associated with Marx's apparent over-estimation of the emancipatory potential of the forces of production. Habermas extends this critique in his writings on functional reductionism in the life-world in his Lifeworld and System: A Critique of Functionalist Reason.
As Habermas states Examining their work together offers us an enhanced understanding of totalitarian movements. Arendt established a legacy, enlisting effective confederates to promote her work and legacy after she was gone, notably her literary executor Mary McCarthy.
Further, both had mass appeal. Both were marginal, products of events that sped along the globalization of knowledge, yet only one translated their marginality into lasting success. It also discusses how they both cultivated a market for their ideas that allowed for them to translate their marginality as Jewish intellectuals in America into success in the intellectual world. Second, it proceeds to a detailed description and analysis of Escape From Freedom.
Here the main themes and concepts are outlined and discussed.
However, Arendt came from a highly assimilated urbanized family2 while Fromm was orthodox, of rabbinical descent. In September at the annual National Socialist rally in Nuremberg, Jewish subjects of Germany without German blood were declared non-citizens. Fromm migrated to America with the other members of the Institute for Social Research in Though Fromm would lose many close to him, including his aunt and uncle in Theresienstadt, he was able to use his connections at the Institute to secure passage for his mother before war was declared in This is something both Fromm and Arendt recognized.
The goal here is to outline that nuance. It was only after a series of victories—democratic election to the Reichstag,15 the killing of communist enemies following the destruction of the German parliament,16 full employment and a rebounding economy17—that the Nazis under Hitler were able to secure the necessary political capital to enshrine 12 Ibid.
While anti-Semitism was a component of the parties success in Weimar, it is often singled out falsely as the sole culprit for the rise of Nazism, particularly when it is viewed through the lens of the camps.
Often they bent their political program to amass the broadest alliance possible. Whereas a revolution was successful in Russia, it was a failure in Germany. In Germany the relations of production had been pushed much further than in Russia, therefore the resulting contradictions should have served to enhance the possibility of revolution in the latter and deny it in the former.
Both Arendt and Fromm would weigh into the debate, attempting to explain the failed revolution in Germany. For Fromm this occurred in the guise of his workers study, undertook while he was still a member of the Institute for Social Research in through In the study, Fromm delivered an extensive survey to members of the working class in the Weimar Republic.
It represented an empirical investigation using Freudian insights to test the theoretical assumptions of Marxism.
What Fromm discovered is that large swaths of the working population, though still a minority, expressed an ideology opposite that which Marxists would expect from their class. A larger group was neither authoritarian nor revolutionary, but expressed an intermediate position. This was offered as a partial explanation of the failed revolution. As we will see in Escape from Freedom, Fromm built on this earlier empirical study as an explanation for the successes of Nazism refracted through the lens of the authoritarian character.
Further, this study would become an important, though seldom mentioned, foundation for the later techniques practiced by Adorno et al. He would lead a minor insurrection against the elected parliament in However, it proved unsuccessful and the party was outlawed in Bavaria, where it found its largest base.
Hitler was jailed, during which time he wrote Mein Kampf. It was only later, in , when he had built an alliance of the politically disaffected that he would claim the Chancellory, pledging to create a socialist, redistributive community on the basis of blood, rather than class.
Indeed, they made their entree into the world of scholarly monographs in the guise of explaining the success and operation of Nazism, leading them to a position of what could be called optimal marginality. Both offered remarkably similar descriptions of the successes of Nazism. Escape and The Origins offer something to one another and broaden our understanding of each. While Fromm drew upon the insights of psychoanalysis in some claims it should be understood as a work of social psychology that drew heavily on the existentialist tradition in attempting to understand the political crisis that brought about the Second World War.
In opposition, his work offers a nuanced understanding of the human psyche amidst the mass violence of the Second World War. In , backed by the Institute for Social Research, soon 36 Ibid. First, psychological theory, mainly Freudian psychoanalytic techniques, were used to generate the questions that became the basis for the survey.
Each survey was considered as if it were a 46 Ibid.