MARIJUANA EXTRACTS –. Hash, Vaping, Dabbing, Edibles & Medicines. BEYOND BUDS by Ed Rosenthal with David Downs. BEST PDF Free Beyond Buds: Marijuana Extractsâ€”Hash, Vaping, Dabbing, Edibles and Medicines Ed Rosenthal Ebook READ ONLINE PDF. SOURCE: “Beyond Buds” Ed Rosenthal. There are many concentrated forms of cannabis, some of the more well-known: ✓ Kief. ✓ Hashish. ✓ Ice Water (Bubble .
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Beyond Buds PDF Ed Rosenthal Marijuana Extracts—Hash, Vaping, Dabbing, Edib.. ruthenpress.info?i= Beyond Buds is a handbook to. Inexpensive equipment can be used to refine low-grade trim-though Beyond Buds adamantly advises against it. Butane extraction is an. ruthenpress.info: Beyond Buds: Marijuana Extracts—Hash, Vaping, Dabbing, Edibles and Medicines (): Ed Rosenthal, David Downs: Books.
In Colorado, butane extraction is subject to heavy regulation, and can only be performed in industrial zones. Manufacturers are required to operate special, flame-resistant rooms, with hydrocarbon meters hooked up to automatic ventilators. These facilities must pass official inspections before they can be used.
Although fire hazards are a real problem, butane is not responsible for environmental damage. Open-system extractors dump butane directly into the atmosphere, but it breaks apart naturally in a few days' without causing. Even so, Beyond Buds strongly endorses methods that recapture butane.
It is safer and more cost-effective than openended methods. BHO vessel-the tank used to catch and hold the raw solution of butane and the extracted cannabinoids, waxes, etc. Vacuum pump-a butane-proof, high-quality, high-speed pump used to create the vacuum or pressure needed to use the extractor 5. Vacuum oven-an industrial oven that pairs with a. Fan-circulates air in open blasting environment to prevent potential build-up of explosive butane-only use fans that do not produce an open spark.
Professional equipment such as the Bhogart Extractor controls temperature and pressure. Works with a pump that increases the extraction speed and recovers solvents safely. Vacuum oven Across International vacuum drying oven, 0. Butane is a simple hydrocarbon molecule found in natural gas. It's one of a family of simple organic molecules that include ethane, methane, and propane. After it is pumped from natural gas wells, it is purified and compressed into liquid form for storage and use.
Use lab-grade, A tank the size of a small propane tank can be used to extract roughly 20 pounds of cannabis. Avoid small cans of butane. No matter the alleged purity, consumer-grade cans of butane contain impurities, often introduced at the individual can level. Various oils are used as propelling agents, or to lubricate the machinery to fill the lighter fluid replacement cans, protect the can linings from rust, or prevent clogging.
The mystery oil that is part of the production process does not have to be disclosed, and is listed in the ingredients as "one percent other. Clean all parts with denatured alcohol. Plant material should be freshcured and very dry. Desiccants can be used to reduce the plant's water content, but the most reliable way of reducing moisture is to A packed cylinder should be firm and warm the cured herb jn the oven at uniform but not too tight.
Either way, drying sacrifices terpenes that are volatile at low temperatures. Add one pound of chopped trim or buds to the trim tube on top of the chamber.
Small, untrimmed, pea-sized nugs can be used. They make a fine grade of wax. Use a wooden dowel to pack it firm and uniform but not tight. Recapture extractors run in a big loop, with the ability of the operator to interrupt the circuit and send the solvent into a frozen recovery tank.
Install filters. Assemble collection vessel, viewing chamber, valves, packed trim tube, and shower head ball cap. Use the vacuum pump to pull the entire system down to a full vacuum mm Hg in the system.
This vacuum will help you find any leaks in the system before it is used. It also pulls any. Check all connections. Make sure the clamps are really tight and the system is truly closed. After the system is tested for leaks, warm up the butane reservoir with a hot water bath to give it some pressure, attach it to the systern, and slowly open the butane. The liquid solvent will rush through the tubes, and begin filling up the trim tube.
A manual butterfly valve sends the solution in the tube through the filters, past the viewing vessel, to pool in the collection reservoir. At first, the system yields super high-end white, amber, or clear extract. The longer you run the system, the more cannabinoids are yielded, but the extract also becomes darker and lower quality from plant waxes and other oil solubles.
Depending on the pump, a one-pound extractor takes about a half hour to run a barbecue-sized tank of butane through three times.
Check the pressure gauges regularly. David Downs. Removing the solvent leads to the different consistencies in BHo. A proper purge can take days and a lot of patience. Butane has a low boiling point, The liquid butane takes en-. Closed-loop systems prevent you from seeing what's going on inside, save for the viewing vessel. As the butane returns to a gas temperature in the collection tray, it is recaptured and either recirculated through the system or stored for future use.
There are two ways to prepare butane for storage: The freezing recapture entails cooling the gas enough to store it as a liquid, while squeezing involves using pressure to return butane to its liquid state for storage.
Use the vacuum pump on the extractor to perform the first purge. This is called a hot water bath and can be performed with open-ended systems as well. Heat is the enemy of extraction. High temperature ruins shatter. Heat evaporates the terpenes that give great BHO its smell and flavors.
Heat promotes hash decarboxylation, turning it into a dark oil suitable Orily for making edibles. Pay special attention to heat at all times. See Decarboxylation section below for further information. After the initial purge, the material will no longer be a pool of liquid, or transparent, but rather more like a thick, goopy, runny toothpaste. You can take it out drier or wetter, depending on your goals of making shatter versus oil This pre-purged BHO scrapedjrom the versus edibles.
Fold the parchment paper into little parchment trays with two- to three-inch walls. Now it's time to apply gentle heat under low pressure to finish purging and processing the batch.
BHO is categorized by consistency, with shatter being the most prized. Next comes honeycomb, budder, wax, and oil.
The goal at all times should be the lightest color possible and an extremely dry quality. Great shatter is clear like amber glass, contains no bubbles, and breaks at room temperature.
Honeycomb wax should be very pale, opaque, or translucent, dry and crumbly. Budder has more of a warm taffy quality to it, while oil is viscous yet tacky. Shatter Aim to make shatter.
It's the hardest to make, requiring lower heat and a longer period of time in a vacuum oven. Temperatures and pressure can vary widely. Torr or mm Hg is a measure of pressure-which is the ratio of force to the area over which that force is distributed. Torr or mm Hg refers to milligrams of mercury, but a more common measure in America would be pounds per square inch, or psi.
Pressure mea-. Extractions made with buds only, ca!! Across International makes a high-quality, entrylevel vacuum drying oven. At this point, the amount of residual butane in the solution is low so the butane is too diluted to explode. Use one that is designed to tolerate the chemical. As the pressure drops and the temperature rises, the solvent boils out of the resin, causing the material to loaf up.
If it boils violently, there is too much residual butane in it. Stop the process, take it out, and let it air dry or give it a hot bath to remove more butane. You don't want the slab loafing up more than a couple of inches. Increasing the air pressure reduces this loafing. Heat also plays a crucial role by lowering the viscosity of the patty, allowing the butane to escape. Keep an eye on the bubbles.
You're looking for large, thin, self-popping bubbles.
If the bubble walls are thick and not popping, the patty is too viscous and needs a higher temperature to loosen up and allow the butane to purge. Conversely, if you are seeing no loaf expansion the heat may be too high.
Some strains' finishing texture will be a tough sap that snaps if you pull it. For more info, see Buddering below. For a basic crumble. Flush fresh air through the system every half hour and oven-vac for four or five hours until the slab looks settled. Take the slab out and let it sit and settle for 20 or 30 minutes, but keep the oven on. Place your slab-covered parchment paper on a cool Thisfinished shatter will crack or pull and snap at surface, and pull the edge of room temperature, is bone-dry, and is see-through the parchment paper down with no impurities.
You want to see the shatter separate from the parchment paper. If it's stable, put on powderless silicone gloves, and flip the slab.
Consolidate edge oil into the main body by folding it onto the top. Flip the patty every 12 hours, because pockets of butane get trapped between the bottom of the patty and the parchment paper. Check to make sure the heat is transferring through the whole resin.
Repeat this gentle heat-and-pressure-purging process three or four times over a couple of days. The low pressure and slight heat over a long period of time results in an amber-colored, transparent, crystalline, amorphous solid. It should be brittle, or at least pull and snap at room temperature. You know you're done when you see very little slab activity in the vac oven, and it tests well below the 5, ppm threshold.
Send a sample out to a lab to test it. Buddering If the shatter turns from clear to opaque, a process called buddering has occurred.
The process is a one-way street. Once a shatter budders it must go through a complex process to get it back to true shatter.
Many strains including Blue Dream and Grand Daddy Purple are notorious for auto-buddering-that is, the waxes in the solution hydrate and nucleate, or clump up.
OGs and Blue Dream tend to have a lot of wax in them. Despite the most careful efforts to create shatter, the resin turns opaque during purging. At that point, it's best to make honeycomb. Shatter turns to budder when heated too long, and even the finest shatter turns to budder eventually during storage. Buddering often starts in one corner of the resin patty, and spreads across the entire piece. If buddering has occurred, you can heat the resin to a honeycomb consistency, whip it into budder, or heat it down to oil.
Mixing solvents slightly changes the mix's solubility; making it better suited to extracting specific terpenes in a particular strain. Butane is a very simple organic molecule consisting of a chain of 4 carbon atoms with hydrogen atoms attached to them.
Shortening or increasing the carbon chain yields propane 3 carbon atoms , and ethane 2 , and methane 1 , as well as pentane 5 and hexane 6. One liter of n-butane can dissolve Pentane has zero water solubility. More butane is removed when the temperature is raised and the pressure lowered, but it also removes more terpenes.
More heat and low pressure cause the honeycomb to melt back down to an overpurged, condensed plant oil. Thick-gauge, 2"-wide, 25"-long Pyrex glass or stainless steel extraction tubes stainless steel is stronger; Pyrex is easier to see what's going on inside the tube.
Open-ended extraction is far less efficient and hence, more expensive than closed-loop. Since it doesn't reuse butane, it requires about 80 normal-sized canisters to extract from about five pounds of plant material versus the equivalent of 32 canisters in closed-loop. If you cannot avoid cans of butane lighter fluid select a 5X or above quality fluid. There are many brands marketed for just this purpose.
Stay away from Ronson and stove fuels-they contain poisonous additives. Set up your extractor in a well-ventilated area during a cool, dry day. Use very dry plant material. However, drying also sacrifices terpenes that are volatile at low temperatures. Tightly affix filters to the bottom of the tube using hose clamps. Don't overtighten, as you can crack Pyrex.
Add chopped trim and buds to the trim tube. Some people use small, untrimmed, pea-sized nugs. An overpacked glass tube can shatter under pressure, or cause the bottom filter to pop off, blowing cannabis into the BHO. Affix the canister discharge cap to the top of the tube. Alternatively, some open extraction tubes terminate in a hole that fits butane canisters, so you don't need a cap. Set the tube up vertically with the filtered end at the bottom and the canister discharge cap end at the top.
Place a large Pyrex dish underneath the tube. Position the fan so it blows fresh air at the extractor and worker, and pushes gas away from them. Discharge individual canisters into the hole in the egg-shaped top of the tube.
Pressurized liquid butane will run through the material and eventually begin seeping through the filter and pooling in the Pyrex tray. The tube will get cold during extraction and attract moisture from the air. This dew can freeze and break a glass tube. Stainless steel is a better choice.
It's stronger and will not break. The Pyrex tray of liquid Mean Skreenzjilters are made with chemical- and solution will also get very solvent-resistant material for use in the extraction of essential oils. Take care to prevent dust or debris from blowing into the tray.
New in Beyond Buds, Next Generation: Marijuana Concentrates and Cannabis Infusions. Description Beyond Buds Next Generation: Marijuana Extracts and Cannabis Infusions is here! Are you interested in exploring the world of marijuana beyond the bud? If you want to stay up to date with the latest innovation and developments in the cannabis industry, this book is for you.
Beyond Buds, Next Generation is designed to help you: The burgeoning concentrate industry is evolving with unprecedented speed and relentless innovation.
Beyond Buds, Next Generation is your authoritative guide to the latest developments. Product details Format Paperback pages Dimensions x x Review quote Here's what people are saying about the first edition of Beyond Buds: Ed gives comprehensive treatment to what are often complex and difficult methods and concepts, but presents them in a way useful for everyone, from the novice to the expert There is a smokeless cannabis revolution upon us, and Ed Rosenthal's Beyond Buds is the handbook.
As with all of Ed's books, the instructions are clear and concise Ed's book provides an excellent guide for anyone wondering what to do with their extra trim! About Ed Rosenthal Ed Rosenthal is the world's leading expert on the cultivation of marijuana. His books have sold well over a million copies and his most recent edition of "Marijuana Grower's Handbook" has revolutionized the field. Ed is also on the faculty of Oaksterdam University, the leading trade school for the cannabis industry.
His classes teach pupils how different techniques can be used to improve the yield and efficiency of their gardens. Ed has always been driven by a desire to develop innovative, effective, and non-toxic methods of gardening.