The Buddha story, as it gathered momentum for two millennia, became chock-full of miracles and gods that got stuck onto its surface. Speaking about himself. buddha story of enlightment. Buddha A Story Of Enlightenment Deepak Chopra. byrahul. Publication date Topics buddha. BU DDH A. ijjjk. ruthenpress.info i 1/10/07 AM. BU DDH A A Story of Enlightenment ijjjk Deepak Chopra h HarperSanFrancisco A Division of.
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This Buddhist education material is part of BuddhaNet's. E-learning course: The hero of our story is Prince Siddhartha, the Buddha-to-be, who lived more than .. age of 35, Siddhartha became the Buddha, the Supreme Enlightened One. Editorial Reviews. From Publishers Weekly. Starred Review. Eastern philosophy popularizer and mind-body pioneer Chopra has done novels before, and critics. Download Buddha: A Story of Enlightenment (Enlightenment Collection) pdf ebook epub kindle Download at.
The type of carts, equipped with awnings for protection against sun and rain, are still in use in South Asia, and especially in India and Sri Lanka. They are used for carrying passengers as well as the goods. There are four humped-bulls, two in profile and the other two shown frontally.
The latter pair may be pulling another cart, but the cart is not clearly visible. Bullock-cart in profile. The realistic depiction of the four humped bulls or zebu, also known as Brahman Bos taurus indicus is noteworthy. This Indian species has a fatty hump on their shoulders, drooping ears and a large dewlap, and these characteristics are all skilfully portrayed in this sculpture.
When East met West: Private collection, London. The Buddha looking at the Bodhi tree with unblinking eyes, and six events related to the great Awakening.
Around the pensive Buddha are spread out, on a smaller scale, various other scenes. Two sculpted figures appear on each side of the central arch, above the pilasters crowned with busts of winged griffins supporting the vault: The six events taking place in the lower register, starting from the mortification to the Great Awakening follow to the letter the events described in the Lalitavistara chronologically.
The following carvings narrate the events which led to the Enlightenment: The demon with spiky hair, shown falling upside down, while the other looks at him in astonishment, are also signs of their defeat. Let us now examine the meaning of the central scene. The Buddha is shown seated in a relaxed position or at royal ease next to the Bodhi tree. The right hand points towards his face and the index finger touches the right cheek softly. The ankle of the right hand rests on the knee of his right leg.
His head is turned towards the Bodhi tree which is easily recognizable by its heart-shaped leaves. The tree is decorated with a wreath whose ribbons float in the air. The closest resemblance is the sculpture in the Lahore Museum Ingholt, , no. The sculpture from Butkara I, now in the Swat Museum, Siadu Sharif, where the Buddha is seated under a tree, in a pensive mood, surrounded by gods and monks pleading him to teach, Buddhist Heritage of Pakistan, cat.
Following the description in the Lalitavistara, the sculptor depicts the Buddha in the centre, seated at royal ease next to the Bodhi tree inhabited by a vriksha-devata, spending the second week during which he looked at the Bodhi tree with unblinking eyes, gratifying the tree. This is indeed the result of the confusion made in the Lalitavistara, combining the first week with the second.
II, pl. Figure 7: With courtesy of the Archaeological Survey of India. Reliefs on the east Figure 9: With the courtesy of the American Institute of Indian Studies.
It looks, as it should be, more like an Indian banyan tree Ficus benghalensis. Two incidents take palace: One of the two servants, at the left hand corner of the panel, carries a water pot. Figure The remaining events associated with the Perfect Enlightenment of the Buddha are illustrated on the west face of the east pillar of the same south gateway Fig.
The next scene depicts Swastika or Sotthiya the grass-cutter cutting grass with his sickle Fig. The roof above has four horseshoe-arched or dormer windows. Marshall and Foucher, , vol. Mitra , p. It goes without saying, that when the Blessed One is not shown anthropomorphically, it is especially difficult to depict in a theatrical manner the first and the second weeks during which the Exalted One regarded the Bodhi tree with an unblinking gaze.
L; Stone, , no. Chronologically, the left scene at the bottom register depicts the earliest event. Here under the Bodhi tree we see the highly sophisticated, yet empty throne decorated with garlands and streamers. We believe this representation corresponds to the second week during which the Blessed One kept on staring at the Bodhi tree with unblinking eyes. The scene to the right of the lower register matches the fifth week during which Mucilinda protected the Buddha from the heavy rain.
Two scenes in the middle register were correctly identified by Longhurst. The Blessed One holds a bowl already filled with food offered by the two laymen. One merchant pours water from a water pot to the right hand of the Lord. Stone , p. He looks back, with his head turned towards the victor.
There is no doubt, as C. Monod, , p. Sivaramamurti, , pl. Longhurst, , pl. XXII, b. The rest of the scenes corresponding to each week, are arranged counter-clockwise, starting from the register at the lower left hand corner of the panel. This panel depicts the first week during which the Exalted One, having subdued the enemy, sat at the foot of the Bodhi tree, enjoying the bliss of detachment. A god, perhaps Indra, as on the central panel, stands holding a chattra to the left of the Buddha.
II, p. If the relief from Kumbukwewa also follows this sequence, the missing frame at the top of the panel, may have represented the fifth week. Photograph Rajiv Boperachchi hereafter R. All the seven weeks are depicted from left to right in the same register, the last week continues to the next wall.
The seven weeks run from right to left in the same row, but first five weeks are in one wall and the rest in the next.
The seven weeks are shown in two registers, the above with first three weeks continue from left to right and the remaining four weeks in the lower register from right to left. The Buddha is shown standing in front of the Bodhi tree under which he attained the Supreme Enlightenment Figs.
The noticeable variation is the way in which the hands are held, in some paintings, his arms folded across its chest Figs. All the seven weeks are depicted in a single row from right to left. The seven weeks are shown in two registers, all the scenes run from left to right, the upper register depicting the first three weeks. Every week is labelled in Sinhalese.
The first scene on the far left corner of the upper register has no relationship with the seven weeks.
Photograph R. The two merchants enter the scene from the right holding rice cakes and honey to offer to the Buddha to break his fast. The paintings of this cave were ancient, but their present state goes back to the eighteenth century when they were completely restored and repainted, see Bandaranayake, , p. Could he be the deva, a blood relation of the two merchants, who stopped their carts, and moved their hearts to offer food to the Master?
As noted by R. This plaque is dated to the eleventh and twelfth centuries and this was precicely the period when Myanmar was in close relationship with Sri Lanka. However, the paintings depicting the seven weeks are dated the eighteenth century based on the inscription in the north entrance hall dated to It is also important to underline here that the deep chamber with the paintings originally faced the main entrance of the shrine.
With the courtesy of the Department of Archaeology, Myanmar. On either side of the main image, the right and left walls bear the images of the six other weeks. The Buddha then walks in the cloistered path, thus evoking the third week Fig.
This week is clearly depicted on the left wall Figs. They begin to appear in some Bagan paintings as early as the eleventh century.
The Chinese version of the Buddhacarita reduces the seven weeks to one: He observed the bodhi tree, gazing without blinking. It is difficult to accept the hypothesis put forward by Stadtner , p. Mucilinda who protects the Buddha from the heavy rain was very popular in Southeast Asia, and the depiction of the snake-king in the next painting is quite exquisite Fig.
Finally, as in the Kandyan paitings, the seventh week is characterized by the presence of the two merchant brothers offering refreshments and four World Guardians proposing alms bowls to the Blessed One Fig.
See Munier and Aung, , pp. See the illustrations in the book: We do not exclude the possibility that it was sculpted in Andhra and was taken to Sri Lanka by a monk or trader as an offering to the Buddhist shrine at Kumbukwewa. We have observed that stylistically most of the depictions in the relief from Kumbukwewa have their prototypes in the Andhra school. The hard-lime stone slab was imported to the island from Andhra, because this type of stone deposits are not attested in Sri Lanka.
Taking into account all these aspects discussed so far we can date the relief from Kumbukwewa, without much risk of error, to the fourth century ce. As we know, it is impossible to imagine that the anthropomorphic images of the Buddha were in vogue in the second century bce right in the middle of the aniconic period. However, we can at least deduce from this account that during the period in which this chronicle was written, meaning the fifth century ce, the depictions of the seven weeks after the Perfect Enlightenment of the Buddha were known to the Buddhist monk who wrote it.
Let us seven weeks; cave 93, pls. Unfortunately, only two painted relic chambers have been found so far in Sri Lanka: Until such a time, the present relief will serve to bridge the gap of a forgotten past. A Collection of Verses. Bays Berkeley, Dharma Publishing, Timeless Vistas of the Cosmos, Weatherhill, Trumbull. LII, Paris. Murugaiyan, Cre-A, pp. I hope. In all three phases of his life—Siddhartha the prince. The miracle is that he got there following a heart as human as yours and mine.
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