Speculate about the content of the film Whale Rider. Whale RideR - TeacheR sheeT .. sources/AdditionalsupportinconjunctionwithEdges2/ruthenpress.info In a small New Zealand coastal village, Maori claim descent from Paikea, the Whale Rider. In every generation for more than one thousand years, a male heir . The Whale Rider by Witi Ihimaera. Introduction. New Windmill titles are supported with Student and Teaching resource sheets to engage students with the novel.
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Discovering Maori Culture through Journeys in Film: Whale Rider. Polynesia. Reprinted with permission from ruthenpress.info Handout 1. Lesson 1 SOCIAL. Below are selections from Witi Ihimaera's novel The Whale Rider and some background to novel (plot summary, country, library resources, film version). Read "The Whale Rider" by Witi Ihimaera available from Rakuten Kobo. Sign up today and get $5 off your first download. Eight-year-old Kahu craves her.
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Witi Ihimaera. Uncle's Story. The Parihaka Woman.
Pounamu Pounamu Anniv Ed. The Matriarch. Sky Dancer. The Thrill of Falling. Sleeps Standing. Ideology The need of change to keep tradition in The Whale Rider by Witi Ihimaera It is well known that the culture of a person defines most of his identity. The same happens with villages and countries, specially in those who have been invaded by others, as it is human to reivindicate your values above the imposed ones. The Maori culture, of more than years old, is strong and protective of its principles, reinvindicating them more and more since the Treaty of Waitangi was signed in NewZeland.
While it looked like a pacific agreement, it was indeed the cause of disagreements on the position and rights of english and maori people and, above all, land conflicts between them. To express these problems, writers like Whiti Ihimaera started giving a new view of the struggle of the Maori culture to survive in the European World they had been involved.
The aim of this essay is to argue the importance of change and tradition in Whiti Itimaera's The Whale Rider to demonstrate that only through both can the Maori culture of the postcolonialism survive.
To do that, it will be shown the contrast between the modern and traditional world, how they collapse and the consequences of this clash. Also, it will be argued why change is, in this case, the only way of survival for tradition. To begin with, it is necessary to explain the main general characteristics of Maori's cultural values, as shown in the book, to understand how they have been transgressed with the Eurpean culture. The Maori are people who have always been in straight contact with their lands, giving a new sense of belonging.
For them, both land and sea are sacred and part of their identity, as the researcher Martin Rubsy explains. In his paper The Ocean is our Prairie he writes: That is why, when the english colonizers took, bought or sold what they thought it was empty land, it affected deeply the Maori.
Because women were not supposed to stand up and speak on sacred ground. This patriarchy will be the main cause of decay of the tribe, because it blinds the chief to a point that he is unable to see were the future of the tribe is, that is, in Kahu. Last, but the most important, is the connection to the spiritual world.
Maori people believe that the spirits of their ancestors help and guide them in everyday life as well as in rough times. Their mistic world is paralel to the real world and sometimes they even cross, proving that ancestors and spirits are atemporal, and they still care about Maori people. Ihimaera shows how rooted these traditions are on the tribes, preventing Koro to see more beyond the genre of Kahu, rejecting any kind of technology and fighting to keep the lands of the tribe.
It may be argued that tradition is the base of civilizations but, if people get stuck on it, then it will die as a consequence of the lack of adaptation to the times. On the other hand, the modern world has overcome to tradition, as shown in the book, and it looks like there is no space for both.
One example of these tabus is the masacre of the whales in Ihimaera's book, that disturb not only the tribe but the ancestors aswell, leading to what could be the end of the tribe if it was not for Kahu. However, thanks to the help of motorbikes and boats, people could try to save them and Kahu could recover in the hospital. Then it may be argued that modernization is an essential step to evolution, but it does not have to necessarily mean the extinction of old practices or believes. Although in some cases they cannot coexist, it has to be taken in acount that, without traditions, humans would probably not learn or evolve neither; as tradition is one of the main bases of culture.
In conclusion, it has been explained how tradition is important for the Maori, as a cultural base, and has been trassgresed by the European changes. However, it can aswell blind the capability of evolving as a tribe and civilization. Regarding modernization, it has been shown how it can help in the tribe but can also overcome and almost destroy the values of the community, even cause a wish of separation from the maori to be accepted in the new societies.