Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page to 57mm. Also available here is the book SOVIET CANNON by Christian Koll. OF PRINT! download the book on CD-Rom (PDF-format) instead for only € Artillery has always held pride of place in the Iriperial. Russian and Soviet Armies . In Imperial of articles on tactical defense has increased in Soviet military.
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Automatic cannon ammunition mm calibers, applications and projectile developments. Anthony G Williams. Independent Consultant. Co-Editor, Jane's. equipment. These range tables could be used for test firing of captured Soviet equipment. . and a panoramic sight of the mm Army Corps cannon. A comparison of the Soviet Union's BS and US M armor-penetrating cores is made. The BS core is .. Koll C. Soviet cannon – a comprehensive study of Soviet guns and ammunition in calibres (PDF) US ARMY RESEARCH LAB.
It was restored later in the war. The new corps artillery regiments were supposed to be armed with mm guns or mm howitzers, but some memoirs mention that the ML was also used. From the gun was employed by artillery regiments of armies. Such regiments had 18 MLs. Guard armies from early had artillery brigades with 36 MLs.
The ML also used by artillery regiments 24 pieces and brigades 36 pieces of the Reserve of the Main Command. It was primarily used for indirect fire against enemy personnel, fortifications and key objects in the near rear.
Direct hit of a shell often resulted in tearing away a turret of a medium tank or jamming it in case of a heavy tank. The gun continued to be used throughout the World War II.
Excellent characteristics of the gun, including reliability and ease of maintenance, allowed it to remain in service with the Soviet Army for a long time after the war.
The gun was adopted by Germans as From February Germans manufactured ammunition for the gun. The Finnish Army captured 37 guns of the type in —44 and received additional 27 from Germany.
These guns were adopted as H A number of barrels were mated with carriages of A to create H While the gun was generally liked, the Finnish Army didn't possess enough prime movers suitable for towing such a massive piece. As a result, some of the guns were assigned to coastal artillery.
Two pieces were captured back by the Red Army. A number of these guns were modernized in and as of still remain in reserve as H After the war the ML was widely exported to Warsaw Pact allies and to many states in Asia and Africa in some of those states the gun still remains in service.
It was adopted by Egypt and Syria and saw action in Arab—Israeli conflict. In a TV documentary featured ML employed by the Afghan Northern Alliance forces against the Taliban fighters; it seems likely that the guns were initially supplied to the Najibullah 's regime.
Some sources indicate that a third type - with loose liner - also existed. Except the basic variant, the only variant to reach mass production was the MLS, developed for use in self-propelled guns, with differently placed controls for easier operation in small enclosed compartments. One of the outstanding features of this weapon is the method of solving blast tube difficulties, a troublesome problem in all installations of aircraft cannon in fighter aircraft.
The Soviets' simple solution was to thread the end of their standard barrel and then screw on for whatever length was needed a heavy piece of tubing, the bore diameter of which was slightly greater than that of the rotating band of the projectile. This arrangement allowed the blast and gas to leak around the projectile before it cleared the tube, not only reducing the blast effect of the weapon but also by its added length safely leading the blast and projectile past portions of the plane that would otherwise have been injured.
This choice of materials was assumed to be motivated by the desire to allow parts to "deform and bend well in advance of fracture" enabling a safer operation at a high rate of fire, but having the tradeoff of shorter overall lifespan of the gun.
After the war, the ShVAK was supplanted by the Berezin B , which offered similar performance but weighed significantly less. Three Polikarpov I aircraft, all produced in January , were armed with the propeller-synchronized version of the The three fighter planes successfully passed the factory trials and were delivered to the VVS for military trials.
It was also installed on the wings of the Tupolev Tu-2 bomber and some ground attack versions of the Petlyakov Pe-2 bomber also had it installed in a fixed mounting. The tank version was installed on the T and T light tanks. ShVAK ammunition consisted of a mix of fragmentation-incendiary and armor-piercing -incendiary rounds.
There were problems with ammunition development as well. There were cases of premature cook-off of the ammunition in the barrel.
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