Tour #1: The Pure Classic Route 66 (13 days, 12 nights). Day 1: Arrive to Chicago, IL. After touching down at Chicago International Airport you to transfer to the. Stretching from Chicago, Illinois, to Los Angeles, California, Route 66, also known as Route 66 became one of the most famous roads in America, having been. Blackwater. Eastern Neck. Eastern Shore Of Virginia. Featherstone. Fisherman Island. James River. Martin. Mason Neck. Nansemond. Occoquan Bay.
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ROUTE Copyright Get your kicks on Route - Six - ty - six! Gm7 C7 F6 Route -. Bb9. Bb9. F9. BASHSDS. Jop. lin, Mis · sour - i and. Ok - la - homa is might. PDF | This paper will examine the touristic travels along the most famous nonfunctional highway in the United States - the Route This “iconic. Driving Route 66 (Facebook) - This is the Facebook page for the Driving Route 66 League of Illinois Bicyclists - Guide to Illinois - A PDF guide to the Route 66 .
Route 66 Dining and Lodging Guide. Mostly post alignment. A minor Google Maps error forces the driver onto the I half a mile earlier than should be the case. It is mostly post alignment although it does follow older alignments through Springfield and Joplin. The optional pre alignment south of Miami known as 9-Foot Hwy is quite rough and gravelly. Heavy vehicles should avoid so as to preserve the fragile surface.
It is divided into 4 sections:. I have indicated this section with a red path. A very scenic and peaceful drive - avoid when muddy.
The optional post alignment west of Santa Rosa is for those who wish to bypass Santa Fe. The optional post alignment is recommended for RVs and those who wish to bypass the Oatman Hwy - a recommended but very winding road flanked by steep drops. The sites are listed in east-to-west order.
The only interpretive sites excluded astride Route 66 in Oklahoma were large collections with a state or regional concentration, facilities with a focus that pre-dated U. Highway 66, or museums with a narrow emphasis on an individual. As well, several interpretive sites commonly advertised in Route 66 publications were closed due to renovation or decay during our study period. In other words, Route 66 in Oklahoma is representative of both the Midwestern segment of the highway and the Southwestern portion of the road that seemed so exotic to early eastern tourists Krim Route 66 also offers a unique chance to study the cultural identity of Oklahoma.
In order to determine what interpretive themes are common along Route 66, we visited each interpretive site at least once — many on multiple occasions — between March and May We took detailed notes and photographs where allowed at each of the 24 Oklahoma Route 66 locations with on-site interpretation.
Using a thematic analysis we attempted to uncover what significant topics were being conveyed to tourists. The textual and pictorial information offered at each site was studied and important threads were identified. As an iterative process, we discussed these threads and began to classify them into significant historic themes.
Our analysis also included information contained in signage, murals, and historical markers in Route 66 communities across Oklahoma. Overall, a majority of Route 66 historical sites suggest to tourists that the collective memory of Oklahoma revolves around four significant interpretive themes. Oklahoma heritage is deeply rooted in its pioneer past, is based upon perseverance during regularly occurring trying times, is underlain by a passion for community cooperation, and is based upon the idea of mobility as a key to individual freedom.
Heritage Tourism and Place Cultural geographers and other social scientists have increasingly investigated the tourism industry and the actions and attitudes of tourists during the past several decades.
During this time, the global tourism industry has surged due to globalization Urry ; Lew and Cartier Of particular interest to geographers are the perceptions and emotional connections tourists make with places, landscapes, and the people that inhabit them. Geographers have increasingly studied the symbolic landscape, particularly the cultural impact of commemoration at museums, monuments, and parks.
Because each tourist destination is unique, travelers have different experiences as they travel to places. In an attempt to attract an optimal number of visitors, creators often carefully craft place images and historical narratives that legitimize their version of history DeLyser ; Urry ; Alderman and Dwyer Through this process, visitors absorb a very specific, and often skewed, history. Evidence suggests that two components are apparent in the creation of heritage sites: The first element entails global forces shaping images of place resulting in the commodification of place.
As a result, the physical landscape is often altered to promote imagery that will increase economic activity by tourists and locals. For example, memorials and other historic interpretation may selectively highlight desirable themes such as the yearning for the romanticized past of the s in order to commercialize culture.
The second element is reflective of the local population attempting to find its identity. This local search for distinctiveness leads to the construction of selective histories based on ideas of the present that are often skewed or misrepresented.
These elements of place creation are not mutually exclusive and are often intermingled with the multidimensional development of Vol. Locator map of Route 66 through Oklahoma communities hosting museums and interpretive sites included in this study. Map by Douglas A. It is often argued that through this process, globalization leads to similar expressions of heritage in multiple places Hughes This multifaceted process of heritage site creation has been explored by many geographers concentrating on different scales.
Some have focused their research in urban settings. Others have assessed the commemorative landscape and the representation or misrepresentation of heritage that is offered to tourists as well as local observers at monuments and other historic sites DeLyser ; Dwyer and Alderman ; Alderman Along with heritage site creation, investigators have questioned the accuracy of both imagery and collective memory tourists receive at historic and heritage sites, asking what themes tourists take from these places.
The impressions of tourist sites travelers transmit to friends and family also contribute to the reshaping and reinterpretation of place images and heritage sites DeLyser ; Urry ; Cartier ; Lew and Cartier At many sites, widely divergent interpretations of place are created by travelers. Tourists may look at the same place and see vastly different landscapes and meanings see, for example, McGreevy On other occasions, tourists may accept the narrative presented to them as the authentic, unchanged truth, even if the historical interpretation is simplistic, biased, or incorrect Young It is the relationship between tourists, places, and place images that we seek to explore with our research.
We are particularly interested in the cultural heritage images of Oklahoma presented to tourists, including out-of-state and international visitors, at museums and interpretive sites along Route It was not our intention to assess how effectively these images were conveyed to tourists or what perceptions visitors took from the case study sites.
Before discussing the dominant interpretive themes along the highway, a brief summary of the history of Route 66 is necessary. Highway 66 Route 66 bisects Oklahoma, connecting the northeastern corner with the western edge of the state Figure 2. Approximately drivable miles of the road remain in Oklahoma including some stretches with the original Portland Concrete roadbed Ross Federal officials designated U.
Highway 66 in , thanks in part to the efforts of Oklahoman Cyrus Avery who tenaciously lobbied for a major transcontinental road through his home state. Avery was responsible for planning the route of the 2, mile diagonal road that connected Chicago, St. Musician Woody Guthrie and photographer Dorothea Lange chronicled this exodus from the Heartland and the powerful prose of John Steinbeck captured the essence of the relationship between the road and the economic refugees.
While Dust Bowl migrants provided much-needed income and jobs for business owners along Route 66, the restriction of non-military movement during World War II created economic stress along the road Scott and Kelley Most importantly, the war illustrated that Route 66 and other U.
As World War II ended and tourism along 66 increased, the highway acted as one of the main corridors connecting Vol. By the early s, national periodicals were running photo articles about the highway and its associated roadside attractions. As on other major highways, businesses competed to provide increased services to consumers and large neon signs attempted to woo customers away from competing businesses Scott and Kelly ; Dedek However, the road was soon unable to support additional traffic, and state and federal officials formulated plans to replace this road and other highways with limited-access interstate highways.
The first significant post-war improvement impacting Route 66 occurred in when Oklahoma officials opened the Turner Turnpike connecting Oklahoma City and Tulsa. Soon after, the Interstate Highway Act of began to create four- lane, limited-access super slabs. As these new roads were built in sections over the next several decades, portions of Route 66 were bypassed or marginalized as access roads, while businesses astride the highway stagnated Scott and Kelly ; Ross Ironically, during this change Route 66 gained additional notoriety thanks to the weekly CBS television show Route Millions followed the escapades of Tod and Buz as they drove around the country in a new Corvette convertible while completing good deeds and making moral decisions Krim In , the federal government decertified U.
Highway Nostalgia for the road quickly grew as the highway cemented its place as an iconic national symbol Krim As historian Peter Dedek argued, Americans believe Route 66 embodied elements of the Old West with cowboys and Indians, flight from adversity, and the power and freedom of private automobiles Yet, as enthusiastic tourists frequent new monuments, tourist sites, and businesses fronting Route 66, many older establishments have lost their economic viability and are at risk for redevelopment or destruction.
Still, Route 66 remains firmly entrenched in the American imagination and the road has been introduced to a new generation thanks to the success of the Pixar animated film Cars. The emergence of Route 66 as a cultural icon, a symbol of American culture to foreign visitors, and an economic resource has prompted state governments, local communities, and individuals to open a series of museums and historic sites near the highway.
Overall, we found four major themes — pioneers, perseverance, community, and freedom — dominated the interpretive presentation at Route 66 historic sites in Oklahoma. The impact of pioneer farmers and ranchers in western Oklahoma is featured throughout the facility. Photo by Douglas A. Pioneers The designation of Route 66 in followed the Euro-American settlement of Oklahoma by several decades. Although many native people lived within the boundaries of present-day Oklahoma beforehand, much of the state was settled by a series of land runs and lotteries that began in Before statehood in , Oklahoma had a rapidly expanding population of more than one million residents who had settled throughout the state Baird and Goble Although the initial pioneering phase of settlement did not overlap with the Route 66 era, pioneer imagery is ubiquitous along the road today.
Multiple museums near Route 66 dedicate significant space to the pioneer past of their city or county. Completed in , the National Route 66 Museum in Elk City is part of the larger Old Town Museum Complex consisting of fifteen buildings that depict transportation, agriculture, and pioneer life in early western Oklahoma.
The complex also features a large building dedicated to agriculture, a rebuilt livery stable, and railroad depot. The Old Town Museum building celebrates Elk City history with trappings common in heritage-based museums including displays of old clothing, early home appliances, Vol. The Farm and Ranch Museum is housed in an old barn and displays assorted farm implements including hog oilers, walking plows, and cotton trucks and the last bale of cotton ginned in Oklahoma.
Fourteen windmills are on display in an adjacent field. While the National Route 66 Museum depicts nostalgic scenes along the Mother Road in its road displays, the celebration of pioneer life in rural western Oklahoma in the other numerous exhibits on the grounds provides a more powerful theme.
In other facilities along Route 66, pioneer settlement and development are significant interpretive themes too. The Heartland of America Museum in Weatherford focuses its more than 70 exhibits on preserving aspects of pioneer life on the Great Plains. Although the spacious facility features several s automobiles, a license plate collection, and a reconstructed Route 66 Porter House diner, the vast majority of interpretive space is devoted to preserving artifacts of early agriculture, family life, town morphology, and religion on the Great Plains.
Additional exhibits highlight community participation in wars, ghost towns in western Oklahoma, and oil and natural gas exploration. The Heartland of America museum sits on an Interstate 40 access road within sight of Route 66; however, an extremely limited effort is devoted to explain the historical background or assess the impact of Route 66 upon Weatherford.
Collections at The Museum of Pioneer History in Chandler also develop the pioneer theme, though their primary focus is restricted to the town of Chandler and surrounding Lincoln County. Approximately half of their exhibit space relates to the Land Run and its aftermath.
Large murals depicting Indian removals, cattle trails, cotton farming, and a bustling newly-established city overlook a buggy, antique machinery, and household goods. Unlike many other museums along the road, The Museum of Pioneer History does dedicate significant space to Route Two exhibits show historic photographs of the Mother Road through Chandler and display souvenirs collected by locals during the heyday of the road.
At these facilities so much interpretation is focused on the pioneer past of Oklahoma that the Route 66 era is either ignored or reduced to a peripheral part of Oklahoma history. These historic sites often construct exhibits around biographies of early community leaders and their families, pioneer wagon and clothing exhibits, household goods from the first decades of the twentieth century, early local businesses in the area, high school sports achievements, and war participants and casualties.
Nothing denotes the importance of Route Most of these sites commit the majority of their interpretive space to pioneer and early community life before and particular attention is devoted to the first generation of Euro-American settlers in Oklahoma.
Because much of this pioneer imagery is placed in the Dust Bowl era of the s, perseverance during troubling times emerged as another significant interpretive theme at sites along Route 66 in Oklahoma. Perseverance The theme of perseverance is presented in several ways at the study sites.
Overwhelmingly, Dust Bowl experiences are dominant. A modern component of perseverance is present at these sites as many Route 66 communities struggle to maintain their economic viability and population strength away from the nearby interstate corridor.
However, even as state residents have attempted to minimize their Dust Bowl legacy, many outsiders still consider the core of the Dust Bowl to include Oklahoma Logsdon After checking in at the gift shop, visitors can navigate through the exhibits with the aid of a personal compact disc player. Michael Wallis, author of Route The Mother Road, narrates background information on the CD as tourists walk through the museum.
It passed through Eight States: The Kansas segment is the shortest of the whole Route The New Mexico segment is the longest of them all: Route 66 Attraction of the month March Flagstaff , Arizona. Drawing Designed by Freepik. Route An Icon of American Culture "The Journey is the Destination" Route 66 still maintains that flavor of "Real America", with its friendly people, small town values, Mom-and-Pop stores, vintage service stations, neon signs, motels and diners National and State Parks Natural landmarks and outdoor activities Some of America's greatest outdoor scenic spots are located near Route Lodging along Route Relax and unwind Route 66 has a wide choice of hotels, motels, lodges and inns.
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