Digital photography for beginners can be confusing. Exposure isn't as simple as learning about aperture, shutter speed and ISO. You also have to learn about. Digital cameras employ an electronic sensor consisting of a large number of square cells or “pixels”. Photons hitting a cell create an electrical charge. DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY BASICS FOR BEGINNERS by Robert Berdan rberdan @ruthenpress.info ruthenpress.info These notes are.
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In this unit, you will learn basic knowledge and fundamental techniques of photography with digital cameras. Seven skills in the second part are prerequisite to. Digital Photography for Beginners. Number of sessions: Length of each session: 1,5 h. Total length of the module: 45 hours. INTRODUCTION TO THE. Beginner's Guide to Digital Photography. Introduction p. 1. Chapter I: Fundamentals of Photography. Brief History of Photography p. 2. Introduction to Digital.
Further Reading: Read more about the Exposure Triangle. Master Metering Through out all of the above discussion, I have said that the camera calculates the exposure depending on the amount of available light, but what is it actually doing? When taking a photograph, using any form of automatic exposure calculation e.
This is known as metering, and it is the reason that if you point your camera at a bright white scene, such as after it has snowed, and take a photograph the resulting image will always appear darker than you or I see it.
Similarly, if you point your camera at a really dark scene, such as a low-lit room, and take a photograph the resulting image will always be brighter than you or I see it. The scene is always being averaged by the camera and most of the time that results in the image appearing to be correctly exposed. However, you can control what areas of the scene are being assessed by the camera in order to influence the way in which the exposure is metered.
Practically speaking: when starting out with your camera, either average or centre weighted metering are a good starting point. They will both provide a fairly consistent measure of the exposure required and, if you select one mode and stick with it, you will soon begin to understand when a scene will be under exposed i.
That is where exposure compensation comes in. It allows you to either increase or decrease the cameras default meter reading to account for the actual brightness of a scene. A spring lamb leaping in front of a snowy hillside. Left: Straight out of camera, with the snow caught as grey. The bright snowy background caused my camera to underexpose this scene by nearly two stops, which could have been corrected by exposure compensation in camera.
Learn About Focussing Regardless of what shooting mode you are using, or what ISO you define, the chances are there will be a subject of your image that you want to have in focus. If that focus is not achieved, the image will not be what you wanted. This is best used when taking photos of stationary subjects such as portraits of people, landscapes, buildings etc.
When you half-press the shutter, the focus will be acquired and locked on that point for as long as you hold the button down. If you want to change to focus, you need to release the button, recompose and then re-half-press. AF-C — autofocus-continuous. This is best used when taking photos of action or moving subjects such as sports and wildlife. When you half-press the shutter, focus will be acquired and locked on to a given subject.
When that subject moves, the focus will adjust with it, refocusing all of the time until the photograph is taken. That switch is an override for if you want to manually focus your lens.
If you want to make use of the autofocus modes discussed above, ensure the lens is set to AF. When you half-press the shutter, you should see one of these squares be highlighted in red. That is the active focus point, and it is that position within the frame that the camera is focussing on. A viewfinder with 9 focus points is shown below: New DSLRs can come with over 50 focus points and the temptation is to leave it on fully automatic focus point selection, with the thinking that the camera will be able to select the correct focus point.
However, only you know what you want to focus on, and there is no better way than ensuring the correct subject is in focus than by using one focus point, and placing that focus point over the subject.
If you select a single focus point, you should be able to change which point is active fairly easily either by using directional buttons one of the dials.
If you select a focus point that is on your desired subject, you will ensure that the camera focuses where you want it to. After a small amount of practice, you will soon get into the habit of being able to change the focus point without taking the camera away form your eye.
This way, you will be able to choose what you are focussing on, ensuring that the subject you want to capture is in focus. Once you are familiar with the basic focussing modes and focus point selection, you can then explore the more advanced modes that your camera may offer. Understand File Size and Types You will have the option to be able to change the size of the images that your camera records, and in which file type.
A raw file is uncompressed, and so contains a lot of image data that allows for a lot of flexibility during post-processing i. A jpeg is a compressed file type, that is automatically processed by the camera.
Practically speaking: When starting out with your camera, using jpeg is the most straight forward. It will enable you to get the best results whilst you learn the basics or your camera before complicating matters with post-processing of raw files.
Learn about White balance If shooting in jpeg, as recommended above, you will need to make sure you set your white balance before taking a picture. The white balance can significantly impact colour tone of your photographs. You may have noticed that sometimes your images have a blueish tone to them or, in others, everything looks very orange.
This is to do with the white balance and, whilst you can make some adjustments to the image on your computer, it is much simpler if you get it right up-front.
Different light sources such as the sun, light bulbs, fluorescent strips etc emit light of different wavelengths, and therefore colours, which can be described by what is known as colour temperature. This coloured light is reflected off of surfaces, but our brain in clever enough to recognise this and automatically counter the effect, meaning that we still see a white surface as a white surface. However, your camera is not that intelligent, and unless told otherwise, will record the orange or blue tones giving the colour cast to your images.
Left: The image captured using auto white balance has a heavy yellow tone from the artificial street lighting. You also have to learn about how your camera looks at light. The photo below was taken on spot metering mode but, if you were to take the same photo using evaluative mode, you would end up with a completely different exposure.
It essentially tells you how evenly exposed a photo is. On top of a lot of bias towards not using manual mode.
This tutorial walks you through everything you need to know about choosing the right aperture and therefore depth of field for the right situation. When it comes to covering all of the basics of photography, depth of field is very important. The white balance changes the colour cast of the entire photo and is responsible for the overall warmth.
The sooner you learn about this basic photography idea, the more accurate your photos will look. Or why people use longer focal lengths for portraits? The crop factor has a range of effects on your photos. For those beginner photographers, research what lenses will help your field of photography first.
Water and glass are the most affected, as well as haze from the sky. Cutting out these reflections and anomalies will make for a more naturally saturated colors.
For beginning photography, I will walk you through the 10 step process of taking professionally sharp photos. What can I say about the nifty fifty? This can be picked up very cheap for most digital SLRs.
The article linked is a review and guide. It will help to make them more interesting. Visual weight differs in size or weight as we know it. Shapes are very important in Photography.
These are great way to use the simplest and most basic photography compositions. These will help make triangles and vertical lines. Balance in a photo affects how we feel when we look at it. An unbalanced photo can make us feel uneasy, whereas a balanced photo will make us feel more relaxed.
Want to get ahead of the beginner pack? Check out our new post about awesome photography facts next! Thank you for all this great information. As a beginner, I plan to go through each tutorial link. I have learned a lot on your blog already, but not enough to keep from overexposing or blurring the photos of my son.
Hope to read, learn and improve! Thank you!
Josh, Great Blog. I just sent a link to my neice who is taking a photography course in High School this year. This is a good guide for a beginner, but is not technically accurate for digital cameras. Increasing ISO does not make a digital sensor more sensitive to light the way higher ISO film is more sensitive to light. A digital sensor only has one sensitivity.
ISO in the digital world is the amount that the light signal is amplified by the camera after it hits the sensor. A small but important difference.
Some newer cameras — so called ISOless cameras — like the Nikon D have been tested to actually have better image quality when the signal is amplified with software afterwards instead of by using higher ISO. How do I charge the camera when traveling in countrys with power. What should I download and bring with me, or do most hotels have power sources that match the US.
Might want to check into it, probably pick it up a any camera store. Hope it helps and happy shooting!!! Great, I enjoy pictures and capturing something different but have only ever used your average joes, run of the mill point and shoot. Nice one Josh! Great th post!! I studied this and read all the tutorials a couple of times over and it helped soooo much!! I recommend your blog to any photographer I know.
Many thanks!! This is useful and informative website http: I started posting some of my original photography to my blog in hopes to get some constructive feedback. My blog is http: Thanks, I fixed it! Thank you so much for this incredible post. Now I have the confidence to achieve my dream of being a better photographer. Yeah Nice Tutorial, learn more , know more, see the practical approach of photography technique of Delhi wedding photographer works.
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